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Analysis of integrated animal-fish production system under subtropical hill agro ecosystem in India: Growth performance of animals, total biomass production and monetary benefit

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Abstract

The present study assessed the benefits of integration of animals with fish production in optimizing the bio mass production from unit land in subtropical hill agro ecosystem. Hampshire pigs and Khaki Campbell ducks were integrated with composite fish culture. The pig and duck excreta were directly allowed into the pond and no supplementary feed was given to fish during the period of study. The average levels of N, P and K in dried pig and duck manure were 0.9, 0.7 and 0.6 per cent and 1.3, 0.6 and 0.5 per cent, respectively. The average body weight of pig and duck at 11 months age was 90 and 1.74 kg with an average daily weight gain of 333.33 and 6.44 g, respectively. The fish production in pig-fish and duck-fish systems were 2209 and 2964 kg/ha, respectively while the fish productivity in control pond was only 820 kg/ha. The total biomass (animal and fish) production was higher (p < 0.05) in commercial feeding system compared to the traditional system, however the input/output ratio was 1:1.2 and 1:1.55 for commercial and traditional systems, respectively. It was inferred that the total biomass production per unit land was high (p < 0.05) when animal and fish were integrated together.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India for funding and providing necessary facilities during the course of the study.

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Correspondence to A. Kumaresan.

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Kumaresan, A., Pathak, K.A., Bujarbaruah, K.M. et al. Analysis of integrated animal-fish production system under subtropical hill agro ecosystem in India: Growth performance of animals, total biomass production and monetary benefit. Trop Anim Health Prod 41, 385–391 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-008-9201-y

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Keywords

  • Integrated animal production
  • Duck
  • Pig
  • Composite fish culture
  • Hill agro eco system