Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 395–402 | Cite as

Analysis of a village chicken production system and performance of improved dual purpose chickens under a subtropical hill agro-ecosystem in India

  • A. KumaresanEmail author
  • K. M. Bujarbaruah
  • K. A. Pathak
  • Bijoy Chhetri
  • S. K. Ahmed
  • Santosh Haunshi
Original Paper

Abstract

This study was designed to analyze the low input backyard poultry production system practiced by the tribal farmers, and evaluate the performance of an improved dual-purpose breed, the Vanaraja. Results revealed that a significantly (p < 0.05) higher number of farmers used temporary, non-conventional poultry houses made of locally available materials, such as bamboo and wood. Most of the farmers (65.9 %) did not provide balanced feed to their poultry and did not vaccinate their birds against any disease. Under standard management conditions, the average body weight of Vanaraja birds at 6 weeks was 625 ± 10.9 g. Under backyard conditions, the body weight at 18 months was 3.6 ± 0.8 kg. The age at first egg was 154 ± 9 days in the backyard system, whereas under the intensive system it was 196 ± 4 days. Annual production under the backyard and intensive systems of rearing was 176 ± 9 and 152 ± 7 eggs, respectively. Mortality of adult birds was 12 % and predation by foxes and wild cats accounted for 1.67 %. This study revealed that village chickens are an important income source for household expenses, and that traditional free-range poultry production in the smallholder sector of developing countries can possibly be improved through the use of improved dual-purpose birds.

Keywords

Tribal farmers Village poultry production Vanaraja breed Scavenging Egg and meat consumption pattern 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ghosh, M. K., Ahmed, F.A., Buragohain, R., Pathak, P.K. and Bhattacharya, M. 2005. Growth performance of Vanaraja birds in high altitude areas of Arunachal Pradesh under Backyard system of management. XXIII Annual Conference and National Symposium, Indian Poultry Science Association, Project Directorate on Poultry, Hyderabad, from 2–4 February 2005.pp.198Google Scholar
  2. Gueye, E.H.F. 1998.Village egg and fowl meat production in Africa. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 54,73–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kondombo, S.R., Nianogo, A.J., Kwakkel, R.P., Udo, H.M.Y. and Slingerland, M., 2003. Comparative analysis of village chicken production in two farming systems in Burkina Faso. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 35 (6), 563–574PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kumaresan, A., Hussain, J., Ahmed, S.K., Pathak, K.A., Das, A.,and Bujarbaruah, K.M. 2005. Backyard Poultry in Mizoram: Status, Potential and Managemental Practices. Indian Farming. 55(5): 21–27Google Scholar
  5. Kumaresan, A., Pathak, K.A., Bujarbaruah, K.M. and Anubrata Das. 2006. Backyard poultry production in Mizoram. Research bulletin No 48, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Barapani, Meghalaya.Google Scholar
  6. Nguyen Thi Loc, Preston, T.R., and Ogle, R.B. 1997. Protein supplementation of traditional diets for crossbred pigs under village conditions in Central Vietnam. Livestock Research for Rural Development. (9) 2: 8–11Google Scholar
  7. Padhi, M.K., Ahlawat, S.P.S., Senani, S., Saha, S.K. and Kundu, A. 2004. Comparative evaluation of White Leghorn, Brown Nicobari and their Crossbred in A & N Islands. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 74 (5): 557 – 558.Google Scholar
  8. Rahman, M., Roy, T.C., and Bula Das. 2003. Genetic studies on some economic traits of White Leghorn chickens of Meghalaya. Indian Veterinary Journal, 80: 999 – 1001.Google Scholar
  9. Sakuntala Devi. 2003. Time trend in egg quality traits and their inheritance in control population of White Leghorn. Indian Veterinary Journal, 80: 1030 – 1032.Google Scholar
  10. Santosh, H., Biswajit, D., Saxena, S.C. and Bujarbaruah, K.M. 2005. Effect of some liver stimulants on performance of Vanaraja chicken. XXIII Annual Conference and National Symposium, Indian Poultry Science Association, Project Directorate on Poultry, Hyderabad, from 2–4 February 2005.pp.198Google Scholar
  11. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. 1989. Statistical Methods, 8th ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.Google Scholar
  12. Statistical Abstract, 2002 – 2003. Department of Agriculture & Minor Irrigation, Govt. of Mizoram, Aizawl.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kumaresan
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. M. Bujarbaruah
    • 2
  • K. A. Pathak
    • 1
  • Bijoy Chhetri
    • 1
  • S. K. Ahmed
    • 1
  • Santosh Haunshi
    • 1
  1. 1.Animal Production DivisionICAR Research Complex for NEH RegionBarapaniIndia
  2. 2.DDG (Animal Sciences), ICAR, Krishi BhavanNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations