Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 93–101 | Cite as

Delivery of health and husbandry improvements to working animals in Africa

  • R. A. PearsonEmail author
  • R. C. Krecek
Original Article


Problems have been identified in the delivery of extension messages about the maintenance of healthy and well-fed working animals. The different factors that need to be considered in developing effective disease control and prevention programmes for working oxen and equids including vector-borne diseases, helminth disease, and vaccination programmes have been reported and discussed and experiences in improving husbandry including footcare, harness, and worm management reported. Most draught animals are owned by people who lack the financial means to pay for or to access the information needed on nutritional supplements, vaccinations and drug treatment. Smallholder farms are often remote from veterinary services, thereby requiring greater emphasis on preventive measures and local remedies. Several NGOs have traditionally provided static and mobile treatment teams for equines and training courses for farriers and harness makers. The effectiveness and sustainability of these services and ways in which delivery of health care and husbandry messages could be delivered to improve impact are discussed.


Equids Extension Health Husbandry Ruminants Draught power 



eggs per gram of faeces


non-governmental organization


US dollar


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Division of Animal Health and Welfare, Easter Bush veterunary CentreUniversity of EdinbughScotlandUK

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