Tribology Letters

, 67:58 | Cite as

Synthesis of a Multi-phenol Antioxidant and Its Compatibility with Alkyl Diphenylamine and ZDDP in Ester Oil

  • Yongliang Jin
  • Haitao Duan
  • Bingxue Cheng
  • Lei Wei
  • Jiesong Tu
  • Jianfang Liu
  • Jian LiEmail author
Original Paper


In this study, a multi-phenol antioxidant 2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylthio)-1,3,5-triazine (THA) was synthesized. The thermal stability of THA and its oxidation resistance in triisodecyl trimellitate (TDTM) ester oil were evaluated compared with several commercial phenol antioxidants. Further investigations on the oxidation resistance and tribological performance of THA with dinonyl diphenylamine (Am) and ZDDP composites were conducted to determine the additive compatibility in TDTM. The results indicate that the THA possesses higher thermal stability and more effectiveness of oxidation resistance than the commercial phenol antioxidants. The synergistic anti-oxidative effect is confirmed for the THA/Am mixtures in TDTM ester oil. However, the addition of THA alone or THA/Am mixtures shows no improvement for the tribological performance of TDTM. Excitingly, the THA/Am/ZDDP composite additives not only have the superior oxidation resistance, but exhibit the effective friction and wear reductions. It suggests the excellent compatibility of the synthesized THA antioxidant with Am and ZDDP additives in TDTM ester oil.


Multi-phenol antioxidant Oxidation resistance Tribological performance Compatibility Ester oil 



We are grateful for the financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51575402).

Supplementary material

11249_2019_1167_MOESM1_ESM.docx (261 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 261 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Special Surface Protection Materials and Application TechnologyWuhan Research Institute of Materials ProtectionWuhanChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of TribologyTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Biological and Pharmaceutical EngineeringWuhan Polytechnic UniversityWuhanChina

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