Tribology Letters

, 66:121 | Cite as

Effect of Mechanochemically Functionalized Multilayer Graphene on the Tribological Properties of Silicon Carbide/Graphene Nanocomposites in Aqueous Environment

  • Wenli Zhang
  • Christian Schröder
  • Bernadette Schlüter
  • Martin Knoch
  • Ján Dusza
  • Richard Sedlák
  • Rolf Mülhaupt
  • Andreas Kailer
Original Paper


Dry milling of graphite in a ball mill represents a versatile one-step mechanochemical process for fabricating mechanochemically functionalized multilayer graphene (MG) bearing different functional groups. The variation of the milling parameters enables to control particle size, shape, functionality, specific surface area, and dispersability of the MG functional fillers. In this study, MG was used as functional nanofiller for the production of SiC/MG nanocomposites. The nanocomposites exhibit significantly improved tribological behavior. The results of rotating pin on disc sliding tests show that with SiC/MG a noticeable improvement of friction and wear behavior under water-lubricated conditions like in slide bearings and face seals can be achieved. Sliding friction systems with the variant SiC + 2% MG–CO2-120 h appear to have the most promising tribological properties, due to the reduced size of the homogeneously distributed graphite particles, which promote the formation of advantageous surface states.


Silicon carbide Graphene Nanocomposite Mechanochemistry Tribology 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from project ERA.NET-GRACE which is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the funding code 03X0156.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Freiburg Materials Research Center (FMF) and Institute for Macromolecular Chemistry of the University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWMFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.FCT Ingenieurkeramik GmbHFrankenblickGermany
  4. 4.Division of Ceramic and Non-Metallic Systems, Institute of Materials ResearchSlovak Academy of SciencesKošiceSlovakia

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