Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The Role of the Counterbody’s Oxide on the Wear Behavior of HSS and Hi-Cr

  • 157 Accesses

  • 3 Citations

Abstract

The wear behavior of two high-speed steels and a high-chromium cast iron with cryogenic treatments was evaluated using a pin-on-disc configuration. An ASTM A36 steel disc, oxidized previously in a furnace at 950 °C, was used as a counterbody with the goal of developing an accurate representation of the industrial calamine formed on the surface of steels under industrial conditions. This is a new perspective to evaluate the real contribution of the normal load, sliding velocity and heat treatments on the wear phenomena of hot rolls. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to correlate the wear rate, friction coefficient and wear mechanisms to the microstructure, hardness and types of oxides that formed on the counterbody. Experimental results showed a complex relation between the normal load, the sliding velocity and the interaction with counterbody, which establishes the wear rates and friction coefficients.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17

References

  1. 1.

    Pellizzari, M., Cescato, D., De Flora, M.G.: Hot friction and wear behaviour of high speed steel and high chromium iron for rolls. Wear 267, 467–475 (2009)

  2. 2.

    Pellizzari, M., Molinari, A., Straffelini, G.: Tribological behaviour of hot rolling rolls. Wear 259, 1281–1289 (2005)

  3. 3.

    Milan, J.C.G., Carvalho, M.A., Xavier, P.R., Franco, S.D., De Mello, J.D.B.: Effect of temperature, normal load and pre-oxidation on the sliding wear of multi-component ferrous alloys. Wear 259, 412–423 (2005)

  4. 4.

    Coronado, J.J., Sinatora, A.: Load effect in abrasive wear mechanism of cast iron with graphite and cementite. Wear 267, 6–11 (2009)

  5. 5.

    Coronado, J.J., Gomez, A., Sinatora, A.: Tempering temperature effects on abrasive wear of mottled cast iron. Wear 267, 2070–2076 (2009)

  6. 6.

    Zambrano, O.A., Coronado, J.J., Rodríguez, S.A.: Tempering temperature effect on sliding wear at high temperatures in mottled cast iron. Tribol. Lett. 57, 1–11 (2015)

  7. 7.

    Coronado, J.J.: Effect of load and carbide orientation on abrasive wear resistance of white cast iron. Wear 270, 823–827 (2011)

  8. 8.

    Penagos, J.J., Ono, F., Albertin, E., Sinatora, A.: Structure refinement effect on two and three-body abrasion resistance of high chromium cast irons. Wear 340, 19–24 (2015)

  9. 9.

    Joos, O., Boher, C., Vergne, C., Gaspard, C., Nylen, T., Rezai-Aria, F.: Assessment of oxide scales influence on wear damage of HSM work rolls. Wear 263, 198–206 (2007)

  10. 10.

    Munther, P.A., Lenard, J.G.: The effect of scaling on interfacial friction in hot rolling of steels. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 88, 105–113 (1999)

  11. 11.

    Fernandez-Pariente, I., Belzunce, F.J.: Wear and oxidation behaviour of high-chromium white cast irons. Mater. Charact. 59, 669–674 (2008)

  12. 12.

    Doğan, Ö.N., Hawk, J.A., Laird, G.: Solidification structure and abrasion resistance of high chromium white irons. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 28, 1315–1328 (1997)

  13. 13.

    Tabrett, C., Sare, I.: Effect of high temperature and sub-ambient treatments on the matrix structure and abrasion resistance of a high-chromium white iron. Scripta Mater. 38, 1747–1753 (1998)

  14. 14.

    Liu, H.H., Wang, J., Yang, H.S., Shen, B.L.: Effects of cryogenic treatment on microstructure and abrasion resistance of CrMnB high-chromium cast iron subjected to sub-critical treatment. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 478, 324–328 (2008)

  15. 15.

    Xavier, R.R., de Carvalho, M.A., Cannizza, E., White, T.H., Rivaroli, A., Sinatora, A.: Development and application of high speed steel rolls for long products. In: 45th MWSP Conference Proceedings ISS-AIME, p. 121 (2003)

  16. 16.

    Xavier, R.R., de Carvalho, M.A., Cannizza, E., Kerr, E.J., Silva, C.S.: Successful strategy for HSS rolls implementation. Mater. Sci. Technol. Assoc. Iron Steel Technol. 4, 2 (2005)

  17. 17.

    Park, J.W., Lee, H.C., Lee, S.: Composition, microstructure, hardness, and wear properties of high-speed steel rolls. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 30, 399–409 (1999)

  18. 18.

    Vitry, V., Nardone, S., Breyer, J.P., Sinnaeve, M., Delaunois, F.: Microstructure of two centrifugal cast high speed steels for hot strip mills applications. Mater. Des. 34, 372–378 (2012)

  19. 19.

    Nilsson, M., Olsson, M.: Microstructural, mechanical and tribological characterisation of roll materials for the finishing stands of the hot strip mill for steel rolling. Wear 307, 209–217 (2013)

  20. 20.

    Zambrano, O.A., Coronado, J.J., Rodríguez, S.A.: Mechanical properties and phases determination of low carbon steel oxide scales formed at 1200 C in air. Surf. Coat. Technol. 282, 155–162 (2015)

  21. 21.

    Rietveld, H.M.: A profile refinement method for nuclear and magnetic structures. J. Appl. Crystallogr. 2, 65–71 (1969)

  22. 22.

    Larsen, A., Von Dreele, R.: GSAS, General structure analysis system. LANSCE, MS-H805, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos (1994)

  23. 23.

    Silva, W.S.D.: Estudo da tenacidade à fratura do aço rápido M2 fundido, modificado e tratado termicamente. Universidade de São Paulo. http://goo.gl/angUcW (2001)

  24. 24.

    Firouzdor, V., Nejati, E., Khomamizadeh, F.: Effect of deep cryogenic treatment on wear resistance and tool life of M2 HSS drill. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 206, 467–472 (2008)

  25. 25.

    Molinari, A., Pellizzari, M., Biggi, A., Corbo, G., Tremea, A.: Primary carbides in spincast HSS for hot rolls and their effect on the oxidation behaviour. In: Proceedings of the 6th tooling conference, Sweden, pp. 437–452 (2002)

  26. 26.

    Wang, J., Xiong, J., Fan, H.Y., Yang, H.S., Liu, H.H., Shen, B.L.: Effects of high temperature and cryogenic treatment on the microstructure and abrasion resistance of a high chromium cast iron. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209, 3236–3240 (2009)

  27. 27.

    Nilsson, M., Microstructural, M.O.: mechanical and tribological characterisation of roll materials for the finishing stands of the hot strip mill for steel rolling. Wear 307, 209–217 (2013)

  28. 28.

    So, H.: The mechanism of oxidational wear. Wear 184, 161–167 (1995)

  29. 29.

    Quinn, T.F.J.: The oxidational wear of low alloy steels. Tribol. Int. 35, 691–715 (2002)

  30. 30.

    Zhu, Q., Zhu, H.T., Tieu, A.K., Kong, C.: Three dimensional microstructure study of oxide scale formed on a high-speed steel by means of SEM, FIB and TEM. Corros. Sci. 53, 3603–3611 (2011)

  31. 31.

    Ginzburg, V.B.: Steel-rolling technology: theory and practice. Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York (1989)

  32. 32.

    Liu, S., Tang, D., Wu, H.B., Wang, L.D.: Oxide scales characterization of micro-alloyed steel at high temperature. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213, 1068–1075 (2013)

  33. 33.

    Ji, Y.P., Wu, S.J., Xu, L.J., Li, Y., Wei, S.Z.: Effect of carbon contents on dry sliding wear behavior of high vanadium high speed steel. Wear 294, 239–245 (2012)

  34. 34.

    Coronado, J.J., Sinatora, A.: Abrasive wear study of white cast iron with different solidification rates. Wear 267, 2116–2121 (2009)

  35. 35.

    Sare, I.R.: Abrasion resistance and fracture toughness of white cast irons. Metals Technol. 6, 412–419 (2013)

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Universidad del Valle (Colombia) for the Bolsa Concursable 2017.

Author information

Correspondence to J. J. Coronado.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zambrano, O.A., Gallardo, K.F., Polania, D.M. et al. The Role of the Counterbody’s Oxide on the Wear Behavior of HSS and Hi-Cr. Tribol Lett 66, 1 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-017-0954-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Wear
  • High-speed steel
  • High-chromium cast iron
  • Iron oxides