Tribology Letters

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 517–529 | Cite as

Tribological Behavior of New Martensitic Stainless Steels Using Scratch and Dry Wear Test

  • A. Dalmau
  • W. Rmili
  • D. Joly
  • C. Richard
  • A. Igual-Muñoz
Original Paper


This paper focuses on the tribological characterization of new martensitic stainless steels by two different tribological methods (scratch and dry wear tests) and their comparison to the austenitic standard stainless steel AISI 316L. The scratch test allows obtaining critical loads, scratch friction coefficients, scratch hardness and specific scratch wear rate, and the dry wear test to quantify wear volumes. The damage has been studied by ex situ scanning electron microscopy. Wear resistance was related to the hardness and the microstructure of the studied materials, where martensitic stainless steels exhibit higher scratch wear resistance than the austenitic one, but higher hardness of the martensitic alloys did not give better scratch resistance when comparing with themselves. It has been proved it is possible to evaluate the scratch wear resistance of bulk stainless steels using scratch test. The austenitic material presented lower wear volume than the martensitic ones after the dry wear test due to phase transformation and the hardening during sliding.


Martensitic stainless steels Bulk material Scratch test Dry wear test Wear 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Dalmau
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. Rmili
    • 1
  • D. Joly
    • 1
  • C. Richard
    • 1
  • A. Igual-Muñoz
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Mécanique et Rhéologie EA 2640Université François Rabelais de ToursToursFrance
  2. 2.Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental SafetyUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain

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