Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Monitoring of Transient Phenomena in Sliding Contact Application to Friction Brakes

  • 238 Accesses

  • 3 Citations


This work focuses on the study of transient phenomena, in particular the non-uniformity and space–time variation of friction forces and surface temperature of a brake disc during stop-braking. Friction tests were conducted on a braking tribometer. The friction forces in the contact were measured using a 3D piezoelectric sensor, while the disc surface temperature was investigated by means of a high frequency fibre-optic two-colour pyrometer. An optical lap-top device was used to keep track of disc revolutions, and an original programme was written to plot the space–time variations of the measured parameters. This new original approach helps better understand the coupling between thermal and tribological phenomena occurring during braking.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8


  1. 1.

    Lee, K., Barber, J.-R.: An experimental investigation of frictionally-excited instability in automotive disk brakes under a drag brake application. J. Tribol. 116, 409–414 (1994)

  2. 2.

    Kasem, H., Bonnamy, S., Berthier, Y., Dufrénoy, P., Jacquemard, P.: Tribological, physicochemical and thermal study of the abrupt friction transition during carbon/carbon composite friction. Wear 267, 846–852 (2009)

  3. 3.

    Dufrénoy, P., Bodovillé, G., Degallaix, G.: Damage mechanisms and thermo-mechanical loading of brake discs. Eur. Struct. Integr. Soc. 29, 167–176 (2002)

  4. 4.

    Gouider, M., Berthier, Y., Jacquemard, P., Rousseau, B., Bonnamy, S., Estrade-Szwarckopf, H.: Mass spectrometry during C/C composite friction: carbon oxidation associated with high friction coefficient and high wear rate. Wear 11–12, 1082–1087 (2003)

  5. 5.

    Cristol-Bulthé, A.-L., Desplanques, Y., Degallaix, G.: Coupling between friction physical mechanisms and transient thermal phenomena involved in pad-disc contact during railway braking. Wear 263, 1230–1242 (2007)

  6. 6.

    Panier, S., Dufrénoy, P., Weichert, D.: An experimental investigation of hot spots in railway disc brakes. Wear 256, 764–773 (2004)

  7. 7.

    Kasem, H., Brunel, J.-F., Dufrénoy, P., Siroux, M., Desmet, B.: Thermal levels and subsurface damage induced by the occurrence of hot spots during high-energy braking. Wear 270, 355–364 (2011)

  8. 8.

    Majcherczak, D., Dufrenoy, P., Berthier, Y.: Tribological, thermal and mechanical coupling aspects of the dry sliding contact. Tribol. Int. 40, 834–843 (2007)

  9. 9.

    Desplanques, Y., Degallaix, G., Copin, R., Berthier, Y.: A tribometer for the study of materials under railway braking conditions. In: Dalmaz, G., et al. (eds.) Tribology Research: From Model Experiment to Industrial Problem, pp. 381–391. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2001)

  10. 10.

    Kennedy, F., Frusescu, D., Li, J.: Thin film thermocouple arrays for sliding surface temperature measurement. Wear 207, 46–57 (1997)

  11. 11.

    Qi, H.S., Day, A.J.: Investigation of disc/pad interface temperatures in friction braking. Wear 262, 505–513 (2007)

  12. 12.

    Thevenet, J., Siroux, M., Desmet, B.: Measurements of brake disc surface temperature and emissivity by two-color pyrometry. Appl. Therm. Eng. 30, 753–759 (2010)

  13. 13.

    Kasem, H., Thevenet, J., Boidin, X., Siroux, M., Dufrénoy, P., Desmet, B., Desplanques, Y.: An emissivity-corrected method for the accurate radiometric measurement of transient surface temperatures during braking. Tribol. Int. 43, 1823–1830 (2010)

  14. 14.

    Desplanques, Y., Roussette, O., Degallaix, G., Copin, R., Berthier, Y.: Analysis of tribological behaviour of pad-disc contact in railway braking. Part 1. Laboratory test development, compromises between actual and simulated tribological triplets. Wear 262, 582–591 (2007)

  15. 15.

    Kasem, H., Dufrénoy, P., Desplanques, Y., Siroux, M., Desmet, B.: On the use of fluorine as infrared transparent first body for in situ temperature measurement in sliding contact. Tribol. Lett. 42, 27–36 (2011)

  16. 16.

    Kasem, H., Brunel, J.-F., Dufrénoy, P., Desplanques, Y., Desmet, B.: Monitoring of temperature and emissivity during successive disc revolutions in braking. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. J. J. Eng. Tribol. 226(9), 748–759 (2012)

  17. 17.

    Barber, J.R.: Thermoelastic instabilities in the sliding of conforming solids. Proc. R. Soc. A312, 381–394 (1969)

  18. 18.

    Panier, S., Dufrénoy, P., Brunel, J.-F., Weichert, D.: Progressive waviness distortion: a new approach of hot spotting in disc brakes. J. Thermal Stress. 28(1), 47–62 (2005)

  19. 19.

    Kasem, H., Dufrénoy, P., Desplanques, Y.: Relationships between surface thermal gradients and disc distortion during stop-braking with high energy dissipation. Tribol. Lett. doi:10.1007/s11249-012-0003-z

  20. 20.

    Vries, A., Wagner, M.: The brake judder phenomenon. SAE Trans. Sect. 6(101), 652–660 (1992)

Download references


The present research work has been supported by the International Campus on Safety and Intermodality in Transportation, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Region, the European Community, the Regional Delegation for Research and Technology, the Ministry of Higher Education and Research and the National Centre for Scientific Research.

Author information

Correspondence to Haytam Kasem.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kasem, H., Witz, J., Dufrénoy, P. et al. Monitoring of Transient Phenomena in Sliding Contact Application to Friction Brakes. Tribol Lett 51, 235–242 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-013-0147-5

Download citation


  • Braking
  • Transient phenomena
  • Friction forces
  • Surface temperature