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Contact of a Finger on Rigid Surfaces and Textiles: Friction Coefficient and Induced Vibrations

Abstract

The tactile information about object surfaces is obtained through perceived contact stresses and friction-induced vibrations generated by the relative motion between the fingertip and the touched object. The friction forces affect the skin stress-state distribution during surface scanning, while the sliding contact generates vibrations that propagate in the finger skin activating the receptors (mechanoreceptors) and allowing the brain to identify objects and perceive information about their properties. In this article, the friction coefficient between a real human finger and both rigid surfaces and fabrics is retrieved as a function of the contact parameters (load and scanning speed). Then, the analysis of the vibration spectra is carried out to investigate the features of the induced vibrations, measured on the fingernail, as a function of surface textures and contact parameters. While the friction coefficient measurements on rigid surfaces agree with empirical laws found in literature, the behaviour of the friction coefficient when touching a fabric is more complex, and is mainly the function of the textile constructional properties. Results show that frequency spectrum distribution, when touching a rigid surface, is mainly determined by the relative geometry of the two contact surfaces and by the contact parameters. On the contrary, when scanning a fabric, the structure and the deformation of the textile itself largely affect the spectrum of the induced vibration. Finally, some major features of the measured vibrations (frequency distribution and amplitude) are found to be representative of tactile perception compared to psychophysical and neurophysiologic works in literature.

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Correspondence to Francesco Massi.

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Fagiani, R., Massi, F., Chatelet, E. et al. Contact of a Finger on Rigid Surfaces and Textiles: Friction Coefficient and Induced Vibrations. Tribol Lett 48, 145–158 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-012-0010-0

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Keywords

  • Tactile perception
  • Mechanoreceptors
  • Textiles
  • Friction-induced vibrations
  • Friction coefficient