Tribology Letters

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 229–235 | Cite as

Dynamical Evolution of Wear Particles in Nanocontacts

  • K. Anantheshwara
  • A. J. Lockwood
  • Raja K. Mishra
  • B. J. Inkson
  • M. S. Bobji
Original Paper


Nanoscale surface modification, by the interaction of sliding surfaces and mobile nanoparticles, is a critical parameter for controlling friction, wear and failure of surface structures. Here we demonstrate how nanoparticles form and interact in real-time at moving nanocontacts, with reciprocating wear tests imaged in situ at the nanoscale over >300 cycles in a transmission electron microscope. Between sliding surfaces, friction-formed nanoparticles are observed with rolling, sliding and spinning motions, dependant on localised contact conditions and particle geometry. Over periods of many scratch cycles, nanoparticles dynamically agglomerate into elongated clusters, and dissociate into smaller particulates. We also show that the onset of rolling motion of these particles accompanies a reduction in measured friction. Introduction of nanoparticles with optimum shape and property can thus be used to control friction and wear in microdevices.


Friction Reciprocating wear Nanoparticles Tribofilm 



The authors would like to acknowledge British Council/ Department of Science and Technology UKIERI UK-India exchange programme SA07-053 (BJI and MSB), and the EPSRC, UK for Basic Technology grants GR/S85689/01 and EP/G036748/1 (BJI).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MPG 3242 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (MPG 2446 kb)

Supplementary material 3 (MPG 5018 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Anantheshwara
    • 1
  • A. J. Lockwood
    • 2
  • Raja K. Mishra
    • 3
  • B. J. Inkson
    • 2
  • M. S. Bobji
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science & EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.General Motors Research & Development CenterWarrenUSA

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