Tribology Letters

, 44:41 | Cite as

Tribological Behaviour of SiC Particle Reinforced Al–Si Alloy

Original Paper


The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of SiC reinforcement along with immiscible element addition in spray formed Al–Si base alloy. The investigation is done for four different compositions, i.e., Al–Si base alloy, Al–Si/SiC, Al–Si–5Sn/SiC and Al–Si–10Sn/SiC composite. The dry sliding wear properties of base alloy and composites were investigated against EN 31 steel at five different normal loads (14.7, 24.5, 34.3, 44.1 and 53.9 N). The tests were carried out in dry sliding conditions with a sliding speed of 1.6 ms−1 over pin-on-disc tribometer. Each composition is tested at four different temperatures 50, 75, 100 and 150 °C. To determine the wear mechanism, the worn surfaces of the samples were examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The composites emerge to be better wear resistant material than base alloy especially at higher loads. The optimum wear reduction was obtained in Al–Si–10Sn/SiC composite at all the different normal loads and temperatures.


Adhesive wear Optical microscopy SEM Wear mechanisms 


  1. 1.
    Iwai, Y., Honda, T., Miyajima, T., Iwasaki, Y., Surappa, M.K., Xu, J.F.: Dry sliding wear behavior of Al2O3 fiber reinforced aluminium composite. Compos. Sci. Technol. 60, 1781–1789 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anoop, S., Natrajan, S., Kumaresh Babu, S.P.: Analysis of factors influential dry sliding wear behavior of Al/SiCp-brake pad tribosystem. Mater. Des. 30, 3831–3838 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Demir, A., Altinkok, N., Findik, F., Ozsert, I.: The wear behaviour of dual ceramic particles (Al2O3/SiC) reinforced aluminium matrix composites. Euro Ceram. VIII 264–268, 1079–1082 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lloyd, D.J.: Particle reinforced aluminium and magnesium matrix composites. Int. Mater. Rev. 39, 1–23 (1999)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yun, D.I., Sawtell, R.R., Hunt, W.H., Baumgartner, R.H., Streicher, E.T., Ehman, M.F.: Fabrication of metal matrix composites by vacuum die casting. United States Patent 5259436Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang, W., Ajersch, F.: In: Rohatgi, P.K. (ed.) Microstructure Formation During Solidification of Metal Matrix Composites, pp. 63–82. TMS, Warrendale, PA, (1993)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wu, Y., Lavernia, E.J.: Spray atomized and codeposited 606lAl/SiCp composites. J. Met. 43(8), 16–23 (1991)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Leatham, A.: Spray forming technology. Adv. Mater. Process. 150(2), 31–34 (1996)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ojha, S.N., Ding, G., Lu, Y., Reye, J., Tewari, S.N.: Macrosegregation caused by thermosolutal convection during directional solidification of Pb–Sb alloys. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 30, 2167–2171 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tewari, S.N., Shah, R.: Macrosegregation during dendritic arrayed growth of hypoeutectic Pb–Sn alloys: Influence of primary arm spacing and mushy zone length. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 27, 1353–1362 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    An, J., Liu, Y.B., Zhang, Q.Y., Dong, C.: Microstructure and dry sliding wear behavior of hot-extruded AlSiCuPb bearing alloys. Mater. Charact. 48, 347–357 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Upadhayaya, A., Mishra, N.S., Ojha, S.N.: Microstructural control by spray forming and wear characteristics of babbit alloy. J. Mater. Sci. 32, 3227–3235 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Srivastava, V.C., Upadhayaya, A., Ojha, S.N.: Microstructural features induced by spray forming of ternary Pb–Sn–Sb alloy. Bull. Mater. Sci. 23, 73–78 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pandey, O.P.: Microstructure and wear characteristics of Al–4.5Cu–5Pb alloy. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 14, 125–131 (1998)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yuan, G., Zhang, X., Lou, Y., Li, Z.: Tribological characteristics of new series of Al–Sn–Si alloys. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 13, 774–780 (2003)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Waraich, K.K., Pandey, O.P.: Structural and age hardening characteristics of near eutectic Al–Si alloys. Int. J. Mater. Res. 101, 1158–1165 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Das, S., Das, S., Das, K.: Abrasive wear of zircon sand and alumina reinforced Al–4.5wt% Cu alloy matrix composites—a comparative study. Compos. Sci. Technol. 67, 746–751 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Uyyuru, R.K., Surappa, M.K., Brusethaug, S.: Tribological behavior of Al–Si–SiCp composites/automobile brake pad system under dry sliding conditions. Tribol. Int. 40, 365–373 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Acilar, M., Gul, F.: Effect of the applied load, sliding distance and oxidation on the dry sliding wear behaviour of Al–10Si/SiCp composites produced by vacuum infiltration technique. Mater. Des. 25, 209–217 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kaur, K., Pandey, O.P.: Dry sliding wear behavior of zircon sand reinforced Al–Si alloy. Tribol. Lett. 38, 377–387 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rudrakshi, G.B., Srivastava, V.C., Pathak, J.P., Ojha, S.N.: Spray forming of Al–Si–Pb alloys and their wear characteristics. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 383, 30–38 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chaudhury, S.K., Singh, A.K., Sivaramakrishnan, C.S., Panigrahi, S.C.: Wear and friction of spray formed and stir cast Al–2Mg–11TiO2 composites. Wear 258, 759–767 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kim, S.W., Lee, U.J., Han, S.W., Kim, D.K., Ogi, K.: Heat treatment and wear characteristics of Al/SiCp composites fabricated by duplex process. Compos. B 34, 737–745 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang, F., Liu, H., Ma, Y., Jin, Y.: Effect of Si content on the dry sliding wear properties of spray deposited Al–Si alloy. Mater. Des. 25, 163–166 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Glascott, J., Stott, F.H., Wood, G.C.: The effectiveness of oxides in reducing sliding wear of alloys. Oxid. Met. 24, 99 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bauri, R., Surappa, M.K.: Sliding wear behavior of Al–Li–SiCp composites. Wear 265, 1756–1766 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamalpreet Kaur
    • 1
  • Ramkishor Anant
    • 1
  • O. P. Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Physics and Materials ScienceThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

Personalised recommendations