Tribology Letters

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 125–134 | Cite as

Influence of T4 Heat Treatment on Tribological Behavior of Za27 Alloy Under Lubricated Sliding Condition

  • Babic Miroslav
  • Aleksandar Vencl
  • Slobodan Mitrović
  • Ilija Bobić
Original Paper


The effects of heat treatment on the microstructure, hardness, tensile properties, and tribological behavior of ZA27 alloy were examined. The alloys were prepared by conventional melting and casting route. The heat treatment of samples included the heating up to 370 °C for 3 or 5 h, quenching in water, and natural aging. Lubricated sliding wear test were conducted on as-cast and heat-treated ZA27 samples using block-on-disc machine. The friction and wear behavior of alloys were tested in contact with steel discs using combinations of three levels of load (10, 30, and 50 N) and three levels of linear sliding speeds (0.26, 0.50, and 1.00 m/s). To determine the wear mechanisms, the worn surfaces of the samples were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The heat treatment resulted in reduction in the hardness and tensile strength but increase in elongation. The heat-treated alloy samples attained improved tribological behavior over the as-cast ones, under all combinations of sliding speeds and contact loads. The rate of improvement increased with duration of solutionizing process before quenching in water. Obtained tribological results were related to the effects of heat treatment on microstructure changes of alloy.


ZA27 alloy Heat treatment Tribological behavior 



The results of this paper are realized through the national project TR-14005B financially supported by the Ministry of Science of the Republic of Serbia (Project Coordinator: Prof. Dr. Miroslav Babic).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Babic Miroslav
    • 1
  • Aleksandar Vencl
    • 2
  • Slobodan Mitrović
    • 1
  • Ilija Bobić
    • 3
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Tribology CenterUniversity of KragujevacKragujevacSerbia
  2. 2.Tribology Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering FacultyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Department of Materials ScienceInstitute of Nuclear Sciences ‘‘Vinca’’BelgradeSerbia

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