Tribology Letters

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 159–170 | Cite as

Microstructural and Tribological Properties of A356 Al–Si Alloy Reinforced with Al2O3 Particles

  • Aleksandar Vencl
  • Ilija Bobić
  • Milan T. Jovanović
  • Miroslav Babić
  • Slobodan Mitrović
Original Paper


In the present study, the effect of the Al2O3 particles (average size of 12 μm, 3 and 10 wt.%) reinforcement on the microstructure and tribological properties of Al–Si alloy (A356) was investigated. Composites were produced by applying compocasting process. Tribological properties of unreinforced alloy and composites were studied, using pin-on-disc tribometer, under dry sliding conditions at different specific loads and sliding speed of 1 m/s. Microhardness measurements, optical microscope and scanning electron microscope were used for microstructural characterization and investigation of worn surfaces and wear debris. During compocasting of A356 alloy, a transformation from a typical dendritic primary α phase to a non-dendritic rosette-like structure occurred. Composites exhibited better wear resistance compared with unreinforced alloy. Presence of 3 wt.% Al2O3 particles in the composite material affected the wear resistance only at specific loads up to 1 MPa. The wear rate of composite with 10 wt.% Al2O3 particles was nearly two order of the magnitude lower than the wear rate of the matrix alloy. Dominant wear mechanism for all materials was adhesion, with others mechanisms: oxidation, abrasion and delamination as minor ones.


Compocasting Al–Si alloy Al2O3 particles Dry sliding Friction Wear 



The results of this paper are realized through the national project TR–6303B financially supported by the Ministry of Science of the Republic of Serbia (coordinator of project Prof. Dr. Miroslav Babić). Help from the partner of the project (Petar Drapšin, Serbia) for providing the material is also gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aleksandar Vencl
    • 1
  • Ilija Bobić
    • 2
  • Milan T. Jovanović
    • 2
  • Miroslav Babić
    • 3
  • Slobodan Mitrović
    • 3
  1. 1.Tribology Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering FacultyUniversity of BelgradeBelgrade 35Serbia
  2. 2.Department of Materials ScienceInstitute of Nuclear Sciences “Vinča”BelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Tribology Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering FacultyUniversity of KragujevacKragujevacSerbia

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