Transgenic Research

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 1265–1277 | Cite as

Members of rice plasma membrane intrinsic proteins subfamily are involved in arsenite permeability and tolerance in plants

  • Kareem A. Mosa
  • Kundan Kumar
  • Sudesh Chhikara
  • Joseph Mcdermott
  • Zijuan Liu
  • Craig Musante
  • Jason C. White
  • Om Parkash Dhankher
Original Paper


Rice accumulates high level of arsenic (As) in its edible parts and thus plays an important role in the transfer of As into the food chain. However, the mechanisms of As uptake and its detoxification in rice are not well understood. Recently, members of the Nodulin 26-like intrinsic protein (NIP) subfamily of plant aquaporins were shown to transport arsenite in rice and Arabidopsis. Here we report that members of the rice plasma membrane intrinsic protein (PIP) subfamily are also involved in As tolerance and transport. Based on the homology search with the mammalian AQP9 and yeast Fps1 arsenite transporters, we identified and cloned five rice PIP gene subfamily members. qRT-PCR analysis of PIPs in rice root and shoot tissues revealed a significant down regulation of transcripts encoding OsPIP1;2, OsPIP1;3, OsPIP2;4, OsPIP2;6, and OsPIP2;7 in response to arsenite treatment. Heterologous expression of OsPIP2;4, OsPIP2;6, and OsPIP2;7 in Xenopus laevis oocytes significantly increased the uptake of arsenite. Overexpression of OsPIP2;4, OsPIP2;6, and OsPIP2;7 in Arabidopsis yielded enhanced arsenite tolerance and higher biomass accumulation. Further, these transgenic plants showed no significant accumulation of As in shoot and root tissues in long term uptake assays. Whereas, short duration exposure to arsenite caused both active influx and efflux of As in the roots. The data suggests a bidirectional arsenite permeability of rice PIPs in plants. These rice PIPs genes will be highly useful for engineering important food and biofuel crops for enhanced crop productivity on contaminated soils without increasing the accumulation of toxic As in the biomass or edible tissues.


Aquaporins Arsenite transport Rice Plasma membrane intrinsic proteins Arabidopsis Xenopus laevis 



This work was supported by a grant (#S18990000000001) from the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Egypt through the Egyptian Cultural and Educational Bureau, Washington, DC to OPD and KAM (GM: 714) and partially by a grant (#GO12026, under Department of Energy prime agreement: DE-FG36-02 GO12026) from the consortium of Plant Biotech Research (CPBR) to OPD. Authors wish to thank Dr. Elsbeth Walker and Dr. M. K. Kandasamy for their critical reading of the manuscript and suggestions.

Supplementary material

11248_2012_9600_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 kb)
11248_2012_9600_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (517 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 516 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kareem A. Mosa
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kundan Kumar
    • 1
  • Sudesh Chhikara
    • 1
  • Joseph Mcdermott
    • 2
  • Zijuan Liu
    • 2
  • Craig Musante
    • 3
  • Jason C. White
    • 3
  • Om Parkash Dhankher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant, Soil and Insect SciencesUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesOakland UniversityRochesterUSA
  3. 3.Department of Analytical ChemistryThe Connecticut Agricultural Experiment StationNew HavenUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of AgricultureAl-Azhar UniversityCairoEgypt

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