Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Individual Risk and Collective Fears:


  1. Beck, U.: 1992, Risk Society, London: Sage.

  2. Berlinguer, G.: 1994, Etica della salute, Milano: Il Saggiatore.

  3. Buchanan, A., Brock, W. D., Norman, D., and Wikler, D.: 2000, From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  4. De Marchi, B., and Tallacchini, M. (eds.): 2003, 'Politiche dell'incertezza, Scienza e Diritto', Politeia 70.

  5. Douglas, M.: 1992, Rischio e colpa, Bologna: Il Mulino, p. 45.

  6. Elster, J.: 1983, Sour Grapes. Studies in the Subversion of Rationality, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  7. Erikson, K.: 1995, 'Notes on Trauma and Community', in C. Carruth (ed.), Trauma. Explorations in Memory, Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

  8. Galimberti, U.: 1992, Dizionario di psicologia, Torino: UTET.

  9. Good, B.: 1999, Medicine, Rationality and Experience. An Anthropological Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  10. Grmek, M. D.: 1998a, La vita; le malattie e la storia, Roma: Di Rienzo, p. 15.

  11. Grmek, M. D.: 1998b, Storia del pensiero medico occidentale, Roma: Laterza.

  12. Grmek, M. D.: 1989, Histoire du sida, Paris: Edition Payot.

  13. Hacking, I.: 1975, The Emergency of Probability, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  14. Herzlich, C., and Pierret, J.: 1985, 'The Social Construction of the Patient: Patients and Illness in Other Ages', Social Science and Medicine 2, 145–151.

  15. Kuhn, T. S.: 1970, The Structure of Scientific Revolution, Chicago: University of Chicago.

  16. Lewin, K.: 1995, Teoria dinamica della personalita`, Firenze: Universitaria.

  17. Lindley, D. V.: 1985, Making Decisions, (2nd ed.), London: John Wiley & Son.

  18. Petersen, A., and Bunton, R.: 2002, The New Genetic and the Public's Health, London: Routledge.

  19. Propp, V. J.: 1988, Comicita` e riso, Torino: Einaudi.

  20. Ravetz, J. R. (ed.): 1999, 'Post-Normal Science', Futures, Special Issue, 7.

  21. Rosner, D., and Markowitz, G.: 2002, 'Industry Challenges to the Principle of Prevention in Public Health: The Precautionary Principle in Historical Perspective', Public Health Reports 6, 501–512.

  22. Sarnelli, E.: 2000, 'Ridere dei rischi/I rischi del ridere', Parole Chiave 22–24, 177–222.

  23. Shilling, C.: 1993, The Body and Social Theory, London: Sage.

  24. Turner, V., and Bruner, E. (eds.): 1986, The Anthropology of Experience, Urbana, Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

  25. Vineis, P.: 1990, Modelli di rischio, Torino: Einaudi.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mitello, L., Rufo, F. Individual Risk and Collective Fears:. Topoi 23, 221–227 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11245-004-5383-8

Download citation


  • Individual Risk
  • Collective Fear