Control of the NO–NH3 SCR Behavior of Cu-ZSM-5 by Variation of the Electronic State of Copper
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The effect of NH4OH/Cu2+ in a copper-acetate solution on the properties of ion-exchanged Cu-ZSM-5 catalysts in the selective catalytic reduction of NO by NH3 (NO–NH3 SCR) has been studied. The temperature programmed desorption of ammonia (NH3-TPR) on Cu-ZSM-5 and the ammonia adsorption–desorption dynamics at 75–300 °C were studied to identify and quantify the nature of acid sites and ammonia desorption heat of Cu-ZSM-5. The Cu-ZSM-5 catalysts containing Cu-structures with extra-lattice oxygen were active in the low-temperature SCR, whereas those with isolated Cu2+ ions were active in the high-temperature SCR. It was shown that Cu-structures with extra-lattice oxygen were generated during the ion exchange of H-ZSM-5 with a water-ammonia solution of copper-acetate where the NH4OH/Cu2+ ratio was in the range of 6–15. Isolated Cu2+ ions were produced in the ion-exchange mode with the ammonia-free solution.
KeywordsCu-ZSM-5 Selective catalytic reduction of NOx NO–NH3 SCR Ammonia TPD
The work was conducted within the framework of the budget project (АААА-А17-117041710086-6) of Boreskov Institute of Catalysis.
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