A process of transforming hydrotalcite, containing Cu–Zn–Al (2:1:1) to a catalysts for selective hydrogenolysis of glycerol to 1,2-propanediol has been studied. A two steps process, consisted of the calcination at increased temperature and subsequent reduction with hydrogen, as well as a one step process, in which the hydrotalcite was heated at hydrogen atmosphere so the calcination and reduction were joined to one operation, were verified experimentally. The influence of the temperature in the calcination step in the two steps process on composition, texture and catalytic properties of the active form of catalyst has been studied in detail. X Ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analyses, nitrogen physisorption, mercury porosimetry, temperature-programmed reduction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy were used for the catalysts characterization. A study of calcination of a Cu–Zn–Al containing hydrotalcite at different temperatures showed, that at temperature ending with 350 °C, predominantly amorphous, mixed oxides containing phase was formed. The most active and most selective catalyst was obtained by the reduction of this amorphous oxide phase. In contrary, highly crystalline material was obtained at higher calcination temperatures, i.e at 450 or 700 °C respectively, but the activity of the reduced form of these crystalline oxides was lower. It was also proven, that by simultaneous calcination and reduction, a catalyst of the same activity and even better selectivity towards 1,2-propanediol could be prepared, comparing with the catalyst prepared by the two steps method.
Hydrotalcite Catalyst Activation Hydrogenolysis Glycerol 1,2-Propanediol Cu
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This publication is a result of the project Development of the UniCRE Centre (LO1606) which has been financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under the National Sustainability Programme I. The results were achieved using the infrastructure of the project Efficient Use of Energy Resources Using Catalytic Processes (LM2015039) which has been financially supported by MEYS within the targeted support of large infrastructures.