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A Rational Revisiting of Niobium Oxophosphate Catalysts for Carbohydrate Biomass Reactions

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Abstract

Niobium oxophosphate acid catalyst (NbP) has great success in aqueous heterogeneous catalysis, in particular for carbohydrate biomass valorization, thanks to the water-tolerant acid properties of the LA (Lewis) and BA (Brønsted) sites. Attempts to tailor the acid properties of NbP by chemical treatment or dilution in inert matrix to disperse active NbP phase have been recently proposed in the literature (Carniti et al., Appl Catal B 193:93–102, 2016; Aronne et al., J Phys Chem C 121:17378–17389, 2017). The obtained samples have been used with success in the hydrolysis reaction of inulin to fructose and in hydrolysis plus dehydration of cellobiose to HMF. The samples have been further studied with calorimetric acid-titration measurements using 2-phenylethylamine (PEA) basic probe in various liquids (cyclohexane, water, isopropanol, and water-isopropanol mixtures) to study their intrinsic and effective acid strength. A rational revisiting of the surface acid properties of NbP and modified samples, that wants to take into account the acid-sites density and strength and the LAS to BAS ratios measured under different liquid environments in relation with their catalytic activity, is presented.

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Acknowledgements

Authors would like to thank Dr. Vladimiro Dal Santo, from INSTM-CNR, at Dipartimento di Chimica, Milano, and Pr. Antonio Aronne, from Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, Napoli, Italy, for their useful work and for providing materials. Our student, Giuseppe Bozzo, is gratefully acknowledged for his experimental work.

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Correspondence to Antonella Gervasini.

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Campisi, S., Bennici, S., Auroux, A. et al. A Rational Revisiting of Niobium Oxophosphate Catalysts for Carbohydrate Biomass Reactions. Top Catal 61, 1939–1948 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-018-0999-x

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Keywords

  • Niobium oxophosphate catalyst
  • Solid acid catalysts
  • Catalytic biomass conversion
  • Acid surface characterization
  • Calorimetric titration