Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 56, Issue 9–10, pp 765–769 | Cite as

Etherification of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to a Biodiesel Component Over Ionic Liquid Modified Zeolites

  • Eero Salminen
  • Narendra Kumar
  • Pasi Virtanen
  • Mikko Tenho
  • Päivi Mäki-Arvela
  • Jyri-Pekka Mikkola
Original Paper


In this work, ionic liquid (IL) modified H-Beta zeolites were prepared and the physicochemical properties of the catalysts were investigated. IL modified zeolites were applied in 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) etherification to tert-butoxymethylfurfural (tBMF) which is a potential (bio)diesel component. The best catalyst, IL-H-Beta-25, yielded at BMF selectivity of 76 % corresponding to a HMF conversion of 46 %.


Etherification HMF Ionic liquids SILCA 



This work is part of the activities at the Åbo Akademi Process Chemistry Centre within the Finnish Centre of Excellence Program (2000–2011) appointed by the Academy of Finland. The Academy of Finland is gratefully acknowledged for financial support. In Sweden, the Bio4Energy Programme and Kempe Foundations are acknowledged. The Cost action CM0903 (UbioChem) is also acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eero Salminen
    • 1
  • Narendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Pasi Virtanen
    • 1
  • Mikko Tenho
    • 2
  • Päivi Mäki-Arvela
    • 1
  • Jyri-Pekka Mikkola
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Process Chemistry CentreÅbo Akademi UniversityÅbo-TurkuFinland
  2. 2.Laboratory of Industrial Physics, Department of PhysicsTurku UniversityTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Technical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Chemical-Biological CentreUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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