Effect of Preparation Conditions on Ag Catalysts for Ethylene Epoxidation
The effect of calcination of silver catalysts supported on foamed monoliths was examined for the epoxidation of ethylene. Previous results suggested that calcination at 673 K for 3 h would give a maximum conversion. Further study revealed that calcination for >3 h reduced the catalyst surface area and therefore the conversion seen in reactor studies. This phenomenon has been attributed to sintering, with the migration of Ag from mesopores of the catalysts to macropore regions and the eventual formation of a Ag film covering the walls of the macropores. Studies of the metal loading showed that a tradeoff exists between metal loading and calcination time. Increasing the amount of silver can have a detrimental effect on catalysts calcined for 12 h, however the opposite trend, an increased conversion with higher loadings, was observed for catalysts calcined for 2 h. These results imply that the sintering of Ag can play a dramatic effect on catalyst design for optimum performance.
KeywordsEthylene epoxidation Ag catalysts Calcination Sintering Ag migration
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