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Structures, Mechanisms, and Kinetics of Selective Ammoxidation and Oxidation of Propane over Multi-metal Oxide Catalysts

Abstract

In order to determine the chemical mechanism for the (amm)oxidation of propane and propene on multi-metal oxide (MMO) catalysts, we have carried out quantum mechanical (QM) calculations for model reactions on small clusters that we have used to train the parameters for the ReaxFF reactive force field, which enables molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for reactions on the complex reconstructed surfaces of MMO. We report here insights from the QM on the reaction mechanisms of selective (amm)oxidation of propene on bismuth molybdate catalysts and the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane on vanadium oxide catalysts. We also report the application of ReaxFF to predict the stable surfaces of the M1 phases of the MoVTeNbO catalysts.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Dr. Robert Grasselli for continued encouragement and helpful discussions. The computers used in these projects were provided by ARO-DURIP and ONR-DURIP grants. Partial support was also provided by DOE (DE-AC02-06CH11357 and DE-PS36-03GO93015)

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Correspondence to William A. Goddard III.

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Goddard, W.A., Chenoweth, K., Pudar, S. et al. Structures, Mechanisms, and Kinetics of Selective Ammoxidation and Oxidation of Propane over Multi-metal Oxide Catalysts. Top Catal 50, 2–18 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-008-9096-x

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Keywords

  • Multi-metal oxide
  • MMO
  • Bismuth molybdate
  • MoVTeNbO
  • Vanadium oxide
  • ReaxFF
  • Reactive force field
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Reaction mechanisms
  • Catalysis