Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 46, Issue 3–4, pp 285–305 | Cite as

Instability of Supported Platinum Nanoparticles in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells

  • Y. Shao-Horn
  • W. C. Sheng
  • S. Chen
  • P. J. Ferreira
  • E. F. Holby
  • D. Morgan
Original Paper

Abstract

This paper discusses the mechanisms of surface area loss of supported platinum (Pt) electrocatalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. It is argued that submonolayer dissolution of Pt nanoparticles governs the surface area loss at high voltages by increasing the loss of Pt from carbon and coarsening of Pt nanoparticles on carbon.

Keywords

Fuel cell Catalyst Platinum Nanoparticles Durability Dissolution Coarsening Crystal migration Transmission electron microscopy TEM Ostwald ripening Solubility Coalescence 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Some Pt/C and aged MEA samples used in this study were obtained from GM Fuel Cell Activities. The authors thank P. Strasser for providing the TKK Pt/C 28 wt% sample used in this study, and H.A. Gasteiger, R. Makharia, S. Kocha, F. Wagner, D. Myers, J.P. Meyers, R. Darling, and D. Rolison for stimulating discussion. This work is supported by the DOE Hydrogen Initiative program under award number DE-FG02-05ER15728, and made use of the Shared Experimental Facilities supported by the MRSEC Program of the National Science Foundation under award number DMR 02-13282. Y.S.H. acknowledges financial support from GM Fuel Cell Activities and an Air Products Faculty Excellence grant and D.M. gratefully acknowledges a 3M Nontenured Faculty Award.

Supplementary material

11244_2007_9000_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1018 kb)
(PDF 1017 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Shao-Horn
    • 1
  • W. C. Sheng
    • 2
  • S. Chen
    • 1
  • P. J. Ferreira
    • 3
  • E. F. Holby
    • 4
  • D. Morgan
    • 4
  1. 1.Electrochemical Energy Laboratory, Department of Mechanical EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Electrochemical Energy Laboratory, Department of ChemistryMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  3. 3.Materials Science and Engineering ProgramUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  4. 4.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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