Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 40, Issue 1–4, pp 141–150 | Cite as

The heterogeneous advantage: biodiesel by catalytic reactive distillation

  • Anton A. Kiss
  • Florin Omota
  • Alexandre C. Dimian
  • Gadi Rothenberg

The incentives for using biodiesel as renewable fuel and the difficulties associated with its production are outlined. The pros and cons of manufacturing biodiesel via fatty acid esterification using solid acid catalysts are investigated. Finding a suitable catalyst that is active, selective, and stable under the process conditions is the major challenge. The most promising candidates were found to be the sulfated metal oxides that can be used to develop a sustainable esterification process based on catalytic reactive distillation.


biodiesel reactive distillation esterification solid acid catalysts mixed metal oxides 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    T.E. Graedel, in: Handbook of Green Chemistry & Technology, ed. J.H. Clark and D.J. Macquarrie (Blackwell, Oxford, 2002) 56Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Maa, F., Hanna, M.A. 1999Bioresource Technol.701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Sheehan, V. Camobreco, J. Duffield, M. Graboski and H. Shapouri, Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for Use in an Urban Bus (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1988)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buczek, B., Czepirski, L. 2004Inform15186Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Demirbas, A 2003Energy Explor. Exploit.21475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Sheehan, V. Camobreco, J. Duffield, M. Graboski and H. Shapouri, An Overview of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel Life Cycles (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1998)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Körbitz, W. 1999Renewable Energy161078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. v. Thuijl, C.J. Roos and L.W.M. Beurskens, An Overview of Biofuel Technologies, Markets and Policies in Europe (Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, 2003)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    K.O. Blumberg, M.P. Walsh and C. Pera, Low-Sulfur Gasoline & Diesel: The Key to Lower Vehicle Emissions (International Council on Clean Transportation, 2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Harmer, M.A., Farneth, W.E., Sun, Q 1998Adv. Mater.101255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.A. Harmer, in: Handbook of Green Chemistry & Technology, ed. J.H. Clark and D.J. Macquarrie (Blackwell, Oxford, 2002) pp. 86–119Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Clark, J.H 2002Acc. Chem. Res.35791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wilson, K., Adams, D.J., Rothenberg, G., Clark, J.H 2000J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem.159309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Omota, F., Dimian, A.C., Bliek, A 2003Chem. Eng. Sci.583175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Omota, F., Dimian, A.C., Bliek, A 2003Chem. Eng. Sci.583159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Okuhara, T. 2002Chem. Rev.1023641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ardizzone, S., Bianchi, C.L., Ragaini, V., Vercelli, B 1999Catal. Lett.625965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Matsuda, H., Okuhara, T 1998Catal. Lett.56241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.C. van de Waal and H. van Bekkum, in: Supported Catalysts and Their Applications, eds. D.C. Sherrington and A.P. Kybett (Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 2001) pp. 27–37Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Harmer, M.A., Sun, V 2001Appl. Catal. A:Gen.22145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Harmer, M.A., Farneth, W.E., Sun, Q 1996J. Am. Chem. Soc.1187708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Harmer, M.A., Sun, Q., Vega, A.J., Farneth, W.E., Heidekum, A., Hoelderich, W.F 2000Green Chem.27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yadav, G.D., Nair, J.J 1999Micropor. Mesopor. Mater.331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ecormier, M.A., Wilson, K., Lee, A.F 2003J. Catal.2155765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kamiya, Y., Sakata, S., Yoshinaga, Y., Ohnishi, R., Okuhara, T 2004Catal. Lett.944547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Clark, J.H., Monks, G.L., Nightingale, D.J., Price, P.M., White, J.F 2000J. Catal.193348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Koster, R., Linden, B., Poels, E., Bliek, A 2001J. Catal.204333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yadav, G.D., Murkute, A.D 2004J. Catal.224218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Schoenmakers, H.G., Bessling, B 2003Chem. Eng. Prog.42145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Taylor, R., Krishna, R 2000Chem. Eng. Sci.555183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Subawalla, H., Fair, J.R 1999Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.383696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Steinigeweg, S., Gmehling, J 2003Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.423612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kiss, A.A., Dimian, A.C., Rothenberg, G 2006Adv. Synth. Catal.34875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lotero, E., Liu, Y., Lopez, D.E., Suwannakarn, K., Bruce, D.A., Goodwin, J.G 2005Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.445353CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton A. Kiss
    • 1
  • Florin Omota
    • 1
  • Alexandre C. Dimian
    • 1
  • Gadi Rothenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.van’t Hoff Institute for Molecular SciencesUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations