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Comparative study on the structural, acidic and catalytic properties of nano-sized and large-particulate mesoporous aluminosilicates

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Mesostructured aluminosilicate nanoparticles with wormhole-like framework structure were synthesized via sol–gel route at low temperature using cationic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as template. Similar to hexagonal AlMCM-41, the mesoporous nanoparticles had high surface area and uniform mesopores. It is more desirable that acid sites were generated directly by calcining the as-synthesized nanoparticles, making a subsequent ion-exchange and calcination treatment superfluous. The acid strength of acid sites on the present mesoporous nanoparticles was close to that on AlMCM-41 material, but less strong than that of on microporous HZSM-5 crystals. Although highly acidic HZSM-5 was active for cumene cracking, the nanoparticles and AlMCM-41 were much more catalytically active in bulky 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene cracking due to the facilitation of diffusion of reactant/product molecules. More interestingly, the mesoporous Al substituted nanoparticles still exhibited excellent activities in 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene transformation after severe treatment by pure steam at 800 °C for 2 h. In contrast, well-ordered AlMCM-41 totally lost its activity after the same treatment.

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Correspondence to Shangru Zhai.

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Zhai, S., Zhang, Y., Wu, D. et al. Comparative study on the structural, acidic and catalytic properties of nano-sized and large-particulate mesoporous aluminosilicates. Top Catal 39, 227–235 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-006-0061-2

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Keywords

  • sol–gel
  • mesostructured
  • nanoparticle
  • synthesis
  • catalysis