Transition Metal Chemistry

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 321–329 | Cite as

Cu(bapen)M(CN)4·H2O complexes exhibiting chain-like structures (bapen = N,N′-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,2-diaminoethane, M = Ni, Pd): preparations, crystal structures, spectroscopic and magnetic properties

  • J. ČernákEmail author
  • M. Stolárová
  • E. Čižmár
  • M. Tomás
  • L. R. Falvello


Single crystals of Cu(bapen)Ni(CN)4·H2O and Cu(bapen)Pd(CN)4·H2O (bapen = N,N′-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,2-diaminoethane) were isolated from the aqueous systems copper(II)—bapen—[M(CN)4]2− (M = Ni, Pd). Crystals of the two compounds are isostructural and are built up of two crystallographically independent quasi-linear chains [-Cu(bapen)-μ2-NC-Ni(CN)22-CN-] n and solvate water molecules. The copper(II) centers exhibit the usual distorted octahedral coordination with one tetradentate bapen ligand in the equatorial plane (mean Cu–N are 2.030 Å for Cu(bapen)Ni(CN)4·H2O and 2.018 Å for Cu(bapen)Pd(CN)4·H2O), while the axial positions are occupied by nitrogen atoms from μ2-bridging cyanido ligands with longer Cu–N bonds (mean values are 2.544 Å for Cu(bapen)Ni(CN)4·H2O and 2.543 Å for Cu(bapen)Pd(CN)4·H2O). One of the two independent coordinated bapen ligands is disordered, as are the water molecules of crystallization. The Ni and Pd atoms in both studied compounds exhibit the usual square coordination with the bridging cyanido ligands trans to each other. Several OH···O, N–H···O and N–H···N hydrogen bonds enhance the stability of the structures. ESR spectra corroborated the presence of Jahn–Teller anisotropy at the copper(II) atoms. Magnetic studies in the temperature range 1.8–300 K reveal that both Cu(bapen)Ni(CN)4·H2O and Cu(bapen)Pd(CN)4·H2O follow Curie-Weiss laws with θ = −0.51 K and θ = −0.34 K, respectively, suggesting the presence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions.


Exchange Coupling Cyclam Teller Effect Potassium Cyanide Hydrogen Bonding Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



E.Č. thanks for hospitality of FZD Dresden and S.A. Zvyagin for fruitful discussions during ESR measurements. This work was supported by the Slovak grant VEGA (grant no. 1/0089/09), VVGS PF 22/2011Ch, and by SAS Centre of Excellence: CFNT MVEP. Material support of U.S. Steel is also gratefully acknowledged. Funding from the Ministry of Science and Innovation (Spain) under grants MAT2011-27233-C02-1 and CONSOLIDER 25200, and from the Diputación General de Aragón is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

11243_2012_9592_MOESM1_ESM.doc (20 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 19 kb)
11243_2012_9592_MOESM2_ESM.tif (31.2 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (TIFF 31906 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Černák
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Stolárová
    • 1
  • E. Čižmár
    • 2
  • M. Tomás
    • 3
  • L. R. Falvello
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Institute of ChemistryP. J. Šafárik University in KošiceKosiceSlovakia
  2. 2.Centre of Low Temperature Physics of the Faculty of ScienceP. J. Šafárik University in Košice and Institute of Experimental Physics of the Slovak Academy of ScienceKosiceSlovakia
  3. 3.Synthetic Chemistry and Homogeneous Catalysis InstituteC.S.I.C.-University of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  4. 4.Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de AragónC.S.I.C.-University of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

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