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Two- and Three-Dimensional Absolute Instabilities in a Porous Medium with Inclined Temperature Gradient and Vertical Throughflow

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Abstract

A linear stability analysis for the onset of mixed convection in a saturated porous medium through an absolute instability of both two- and three-dimensional disturbances is performed. Relevant control parameters associated with the inclined temperature gradient and the vertical throughflow are the vertical and horizontal Rayleigh numbers, \(R_{\mathrm{v}}\) and \(R_{\mathrm{h}}\), and the vertical Péclet number, \(Q_{\mathrm{v}}\), respectively. This work extends previous studies on the very same problem in two fronts. For two-dimensional disturbances, the present results do not agree with the literature for a few of the parametric conditions reported. This is caused by the collision of the convectively unstable downstream propagating branch with multiple upstream propagating branches, which generates several saddle points and, hence, makes the identification of the correct pinching point more difficult. In other words, literature results are all saddle points but not always pinching points. For three-dimensional disturbances, this issue is not present and the current results agree with the literature. On the other hand, due to the inherent difficulties associated with a three-dimensional absolute instability analysis, literature results have only been able to report the group velocities at the onset of convective instability. When their real parts are zero, transition occurs directly from stable to absolutely unstable. Otherwise, transition occurs from stable to convectively unstable first and nothing can be said about the onset of absolute instability. In this work, a novel technique recently developed by the authors allowed the identification of the onset of absolute instability under all parametric conditions investigated in the literature, extending earlier results. Doing so confirmed the dichotomy already observed in these earlier studies, i.e., the onset of absolute instability for two- and three-dimensional longitudinal modes indeed differs.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank CNPq and CAPES for the undergraduate and graduate fellowships provided to the first author to work on this project.

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Correspondence to Leonardo S. de B. Alves.

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Schuabb, M., Alves, L.S. & da C. Hirata, S. Two- and Three-Dimensional Absolute Instabilities in a Porous Medium with Inclined Temperature Gradient and Vertical Throughflow. Transp Porous Med 132, 135–155 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11242-020-01383-3

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Keywords

  • Linear stability analysis
  • Absolute instability
  • Porous medium
  • Mixed Convection