Transport in Porous Media

, Volume 101, Issue 2, pp 215–227 | Cite as

Non-Darcy Flow of Water Through a Packed Column Test



As the flow velocity and Reynolds number increase in rockfilled porous media, the flow deviates from Darcy conditions and enters into a new phase known as non-Darcy conditions. Due to a linear relationship between hydraulic gradient and the flow velocity in Darcy formula, the flow can be analyzed with no difficulty. However, as the velocity increases the Darcy law is violated, the flow becomes turbulent, making the analysis more challenging. In this paper a laboratory packed column was built to study high-velocity flow through granular materials and new experimental data have been obtained. The laboratory experiments include application of for six different sizes of rounded aggregates and using different hydraulic gradients to assess the flow behavior. Using new experimental data, the validity of four widely-used head-loss equations were evaluated. The results indicated that the Sidiropoulou et al. (Hydrol Process 21:534–554, 2007) and Ergun’s head-loss equations yield satisfactory results comparing to other available relationships.


Packed column test Rounded aggregate Ergun equation  Head-loss equation NOF criterion. 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Sedghi-Asl
    • 1
  • Hassan Rahimi
    • 2
  • Reza Salehi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Soil Science, Faculty of AgricultureYasouj UniversityYasouj Iran
  2. 2.Department of Irrigation and Reclamation EngineeringUniversity College of Agricultural and Natural Resources, University of TehranKarajIran

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