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Thermal Responses of Saturated Silty Clay During Repeated Heating–Cooling Processes

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The thermal responses of the saturated silty clay to repeated heating–cooling are studied in laboratory. Results show that the pore pressure induced by undrained heating increases with increasing temperature, but the peak pore pressure appears a degradation trend with increasing temperature cycles. During the consolidation process at an elevated temperature, the specimen contracts due to the dissipation of the pore pressure; however, the thermally induced pore pressure is under no conditions fully dissipated to zero, therefore, there always exists a residual pore pressure in the specimens once a thermal loading higher than the ambient temperature is applied. During the undrained cooling, pore pressure continues to decline and eventually falls below zero. During the isothermal consolidation at the original temperature, the specimen begins to expand due to water absorption caused by the negative pore pressure, and eventually reaches a steady value. In addition, the consolidation volumetric strain generated during the drainage process at 50°C is greater than that during the water absorption process at 25°C, the difference seems to be most obvious for the first three cycles, and begins to diminish gradually thereafter.

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w L :

Liquid limit

w P :

Plastic limit

I P :

Plasticity index

G s :

Specific gravity of solids

w :

Water content

γ d :

Dry unit weight

e :

Void ratio

S r :

Degree of saturation

\({\sigma _{3}^{\prime}}\) :

Confining pressure

u :

Pore pressure

N :

Number of heating–cooling cycle

\({u/\sigma_{\rm 3}^{\prime}}\) :

Normalized pore pressure

\({\varepsilon _{\rm v}}\) :

Consolidation volumetric strain

\({(u/\sigma_{3}^{\prime})_{\rm peak}}\) :

Normalized peak pore pressure

a :

Fitting parameter

b :

Fitting parameter

c :

Fitting parameter

d :

Fitting parameter

R 2 :

Coefficient of determination


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Correspondence to Bing Bai.

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Bai, B., Su, Z. Thermal Responses of Saturated Silty Clay During Repeated Heating–Cooling Processes. Transp Porous Med 93, 1–11 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11242-012-9939-6

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  • Laboratory test
  • Thermal response
  • Peak pore pressure
  • Heating–cooling process
  • Aging effect