Transport in Porous Media

, Volume 82, Issue 3, pp 507–519 | Cite as

Percolation as a Basic Concept for Macroscopic Capillarity

  • R. HilferEmail author
  • F. Doster


The concepts of relative permeability and capillary pressure are crucial for the accepted traditional theory of two phase flow in porous media. Recently, a theoretical approach was introduced that does not require these concepts as input (Hilfer, Physica A, 359:119–128, 2006a; Phys. Rev. E, 73:016307, 2006b). Instead it was based on the concept of hydraulic percolation of fluid phases. This paper presents the first numerical solutions of the coupled nonlinear partial differential equations introduced in Hilfer (Phys. Rev. E, 73:016307, 2006b). Approximate numerical results for saturation profiles in one spatial dimension have been calculated. Long time limits of dynamic time-dependent profiles are compared to stationary solutions of the traditional theory. The initial and boundary conditions are chosen to model the displacement processes that occur when a closed porous column containing two immiscible fluids of different density is raised from a horizontal to a vertical position in a gravitational field. The nature of the displacement process may change locally in space and time between drainage and imbibition. The theory gives local saturations for nonpercolating trapped fluids near the endpoint of the displacement.


Capillarity Hysteresis Residual saturation Multiphase flow Porous media Immiscible displacement 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICP, University of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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