# Parameter adaptation for generalized multiframe tasks: schedulability analysis, case study, and applications to self-suspending tasks

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## Abstract

The generalized multiframe task model (GMF) extends the sporadic task model and multiframe task model. Each frame in the GMF model contains an execution time, a relative deadline, and a minimum inter-arrival time. These parameters are fixed after task specification time in the GMF model. However, multimedia and adaptive control systems may be overloaded and no longer stabilized when the task parameters in such systems are not flexible. In order to address this problem, deadlines and periods of frames may change to alleviate temporal overload, e.g., in the parameter adaptation and elastic scheduling model. In this paper, we propose a new model GMF-PA (the GMF model with parameter adaptation). This model allows task parameters to be flexible in arbitrary-deadline systems. A necessary schedulability test based on mixed-integer linear programming is given to check the schedulability under EDF scheduling and optimally assign frame deadlines and periods at the same time. We also prove that the test is a sufficient and necessary schedulability test when frame deadlines and periods must be integers. An approximation algorithm is also deployed to reduce computational running time and indicates a sufficient schedulability test in general. The speed-up factor of our approximation algorithm is \(1+\epsilon \) where \(\epsilon \) can be arbitrarily small, with respect to the exact schedulability test of GMF-PA tasks under EDF. We also apply the GMF model to self-suspending tasks. By extending recent work on scheduling self-suspending tasks, we remove the assumption that frame deadlines are equally assigned in self-suspending tasks, and the system is extended from constrained-deadline systems to arbitrary-deadline systems. We have done extensive experiments to show that the schedulability ratio is improved using our techniques in our GMF-PA model.

## Keywords

Generalized multiframe task model Multiple-segment self-suspending tasks Uniprocessor scheduling Mixed-integer linear programming Approximation algorithms## Notes

### Acknowledgements

This research has been supported in part by the US National Science Foundation (Nos. CNS-0953585, CNS-1618185) and a grant from Wayne State University’s Office of Vice President of Research.

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