Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)

, Volume 120, Issue 2, pp 767–777 | Cite as

Changes in cytokinin content and altered cytokinin homeostasis in AtCKX1 and AtCKX2-overexpressing centaury (Centaurium erythraea Rafn.) plants grown in vitro

  • Milana Trifunović
  • Václav Motyka
  • Aleksandar Cingel
  • Angelina Subotić
  • Slađana Jevremović
  • Marija Petrić
  • Josef Holík
  • Jiří Malbeck
  • Petre I. Dobrev
  • Ivana Č. Dragićević
Original Paper

Abstract

The plant hormones cytokinins (CKs) regulate a number of physiological processes. Their homeostasis is controlled by the rate of de novo synthesis and the rate of catabolism. The aim of this work was to analyze the content of total as well as individual groups of endogenous CKs in AtCKX1 and AtCKX2-overexpressing centaury (Centaurium erythraea Rafn.) plants grown in vitro. Transgenic CKX plants represent a suitable model system for studying physiological and morphological processes controlled by CKs. In this work we clearly demonstrate a significant effect of AtCKX transgenes on CK metabolism in transgenic centaury plants. However, shoots and roots of only one AtCKX1 line and three AtCKX2 lines with a significant reduction of bioactive CKs were obtained. We also show that changes in the CKs metabolism considerably affected endogenous indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) levels in plant tissues. All analyzed transgenic AtCKX centaury lines exhibited decreased amount of endogenous IAA in shoots as well as in roots. Consequently, the IAA/bioactive CK forms ratios showed a significant variation in the shoots and roots of all analyzed AtCKX centaury transformants.

Keywords

Centaurium erythraea Rafn. Cytokinin Cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase AtCKX genes Hormone metabolism Plant development 

Abbreviations

CKs

Cytokinins

CKX

Cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase

IAA

Indole-3-acetic acid

IPT

Isopentenyltransferase

MS

Murashige and Skoog medium

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (Grant No. ON173015) and the Czech Science Foundation (P506/11/0774).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11240_2014_646_MOESM1_ESM.doc (140 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 140 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milana Trifunović
    • 1
  • Václav Motyka
    • 2
  • Aleksandar Cingel
    • 1
  • Angelina Subotić
    • 1
  • Slađana Jevremović
    • 1
  • Marija Petrić
    • 1
  • Josef Holík
    • 3
  • Jiří Malbeck
    • 2
  • Petre I. Dobrev
    • 2
  • Ivana Č. Dragićević
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrague 6Czech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Experimental BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrague 4Czech Republic
  4. 4.Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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