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In vitro gynogenesis in cotton (Gossypium sp.)

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Abstract

The effects of genotype, pollen or growth regulator-pretreatment of pistils, developmental stage of the ovule (embryo sac) and culture media on induction of gynogenesis, and subsequent plantlet regeneration in vitro were assessed in interspecific Gossypium barbadense × G. hirsutum cotton hybrids. Gynogenesis occurred in all genotypes used when the pistils had been pre-treated with pollen from Hibiscus cannabinus and ovaries were harvested 5 or 10 days after anthesis. The use of culture media, SH and MS, showed no significant differences in responding ovules, embryogenic ovules or embryo germination frequency. Recovered progeny were characterized cytogenetically and microscopically to help documenting their reproductive basis. Root tip chromosome counts of 17 plants established from ovule culture revealed that chromosome numbers ranged from 27 to 44. Although the reproductive mechanisms need to be characterized more extensively by cytological and molecular means, the observations suggest that gynogenesis in cotton involves some unusual reproductive events. Aneuploids could be useful for functional genomic characterization of genome shock, deletion mapping, and germplasm introgression.

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Correspondence to Stella K. Kantartzi.

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Kantartzi, S.K., Roupakias, D.G. In vitro gynogenesis in cotton (Gossypium sp.). Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult 96, 53–57 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11240-008-9459-9

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Keywords

  • Gossypium barbadense
  • Gossypium hirsutum
  • Malvaceae
  • Aneuploid