Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 258–262

Lowering homocysteine levels with folic acid and B-vitamins do not reduce early atherosclerosis, but could interfere with cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11239-012-0856-x

Cite this article as:
Cacciapuoti, F. J Thromb Thrombolysis (2013) 36: 258. doi:10.1007/s11239-012-0856-x

Abstract

Inheired or acquired hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is associated with several impairments, as certain tumors, deep venous thrombosis, tube neural defects, osteoporosis, early atherosclerosis and vascular acute events (IMA, stroke, PVD), mild cognitive impairments till Alzheimer’s disease (AD). But, vascular and neuronal derangements are the most frequent HHcy-manifestations. As far as early atherosclerosis, some clinical trials demonstrated that folates and B6–12 vitamins supplementation is unable to reduce atherosclerotic lesions and cardiovascular events, even if it lowers HHcy levels. Thus, for atherosclerosis and its acute events (IMA, stroke, PVD) HHcy acts as a powerful biomarker rather than a risk factor. For that, the supplementation with folates and B vitamins to lower atherosclerotic lesions-events in hyperhomocysteinemic patients is not recommended. On the contrary, several clinical investigations demonstrated that folates and vitamins administration is able to reduce Hcy serum levels and antagonize some mechanisms favouring neurodegenerative impairments, as mild cognitive impairment, AD and dementia. Thus, contrarily to the atherosclerotic manifestations in hyperhomocysteinemic patients, preventive treatment with folates and B6–12 vitamins reduces Hcy concentration and could prevent or delay cognitive decline and AD.

Keywords

Homocysteine Atherosclerosis Mild cognitive impairment Alzheimer’s disease (AD) DNA-hypomethylation Vitamins B6–12 and folates supplementation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine and GeriatryS.U.N.NaplesItaly

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