Advertisement

Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 71–73 | Cite as

A case of disseminated intravascular coagulation caused by Brucella melitensis

  • Tuba TuruncEmail author
  • Yusuf Ziya Demiroglu
  • Ebru Kizilkilic
  • Hikmet Aliskan
  • Can Boga
  • Hande Arslan
Article

Abstract

Objective

Although the haematological abnormalities were common accompaniments of brucellosis, overt disseminated intravascular coagulopathy was reported only in a case at the literature. We report here a case of Brucella melitensis sepsis which showed an acute onset with clinical and hematological findings disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

Methods

The patient had a physical examination, coagulation screening tests, tests of thrombin generation and fibrinolysis, bone marrow aspirate, serum Brucella agglutination test and blood culture. A case of Brucella infection presenting at the onset as a disseminated intravascular coagulation with gingival bleeding and echimotic lesions on abdomen is reported. A hemogram showed severe thrombocytopenia, anemia, and leukopenia. Anisocytozis, poikilocytozis, shift to the left of the granulocytic series, fragmented red blood cells, toksic granulation, were present in the peripheral smear. Bone marrow aspirate revealed a hypercellular marrow without granulomata or malignant precursors. Prothrombin time: 20 s, activated partial thromboplastin time:53.9 s were found longer than normal. D-dimer: 1056 μg/l (50–228 μg/l) was found. Fibrinogen was too low to detected in serum. Patient had Brucella melitensis isolated from blood cultures.

Results

After appropriate antimicrobial therapy, the clinical and hematological status of the patient improved, and 4 days later with disappearance of all hematological abnormalities. Conclusison: Diagnosis of brucellosis may be delayed, particularly if uncommon features such as pancytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy are present. Hence, brucellosis must be considered in the differential diagnosis of all those conditions leading to pancytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy in areas endemic for brucellosis.

Keywords

Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy Brucellosis 

References

  1. 1.
    Schreye P, Caspi E, Leiba Y, Eshchar Y, Sampolinsky D (1980) Brucella septicemia in pregnancy. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 10(2):99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Levi M, Ten Cate H (1999) Disseminated intravascular coagulation. N Engl J Med 341:586–592PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wilson JJ, Neame PB, Kelton JG (1982) Infection-induced thrombocytopenia. Semin Thromb Hemost 8:217–33PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kingston ME, Mackey D (1986) Skin clues in the diagnosis of life-threatening infections. Rev Infect Dis 8:1–11PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davis CE, Arnold K (1974) Role of meningococcal endotoxin in meningococcal purpura. J Exp Med 140:159–171PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wise B, Kerby GP (1943) Phenomenon of local skin-reactivity (Shwartzman) to organisms of the brucella group. J Immunol 46:225–233Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Madkour MM (1989) Haematological disorders in brucellosis. In: Monir Madkour M (ed) brucellosis. Butterworths, London, pp 189–196Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Linch EC, Mc Kechnie JC, Alfred CP (1968) Brucellosis with pancytopeniae. Ann Intern Med 69:319–22Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tuba Turunc
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yusuf Ziya Demiroglu
    • 1
  • Ebru Kizilkilic
    • 3
  • Hikmet Aliskan
    • 4
  • Can Boga
    • 3
  • Hande Arslan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of MedicineBaşkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical MicrobiologyBaşkent University Faculty of Medicine Adana Researching and Practice CenterAdanaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Hematology, Faculty of MedicineBaşkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Clinical Microbiology and Microbiology, Faculty of MedicineBaşkent UnivesityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations