Theoretical and Experimental Chemistry

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 210–216 | Cite as

Sorption of Octyl-, Decyl-, and Dodecyltrimethylammonium Cations from Premicellar Solutions onto the Na-Form of Vermiculite

  • D. A. Krysenko
  • Yu. I. Tarasevich
  • S. A. Dolenko

Essential differences were found in the mechanisms of adsorption of trimethyloctylammonium (TMOA), decyltrimethylammonium (DTMA), and dodecyltrimethylammonium (DDTMA) cations from premicellar aqueous solutions of their bromides onto the Na-form of Kovdor vermiculite. It was shown that the non-selective exchange of TMOA cations with sodium ions occurs preferentially at the external surface of the mineral. The adsorption of DTMA occurs by a mixed mechanism: part of its cations substitute the exchangeable Na+ ions of the vermiculite, while the other part is sorbed in salt form. The DDTMA cations interact with the vermiculite by an ion-exchange mechanism with almost complete displacement of the Na+ ions from the exchange complex of the mineral.

Key words

vermiculite cationic surfactants ion exchange adsorption 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.A. V. Dumansky Institute of Colloid Chemistry and Chemistry of WaterNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

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