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Polyaniline/12-phosphotungstic acid/V2O5 nanocomposite and its platinum analog as oxygen reduction electrocatalysts

Abstract

A guest-host nanocomposite based on electroconducting polyaniline doped with 12-phosphotungstic acid and V2O5 as well as its bifunctional analog containing not more than 5 mass% nanosized platinum were obtained. A study was carried out on the structure of these nanocomposites, their redox characteristics, and electrocatalytic activity in the reduction of oxygen. These nanocomposites were found to display catalytic properties in the electrochemical reduction of oxygen, while the presence of even a slight amount of nanosized platinum in the bifunctional composite leads to a significant increase in its electrocatalytic activity.

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Correspondence to Ya. I. Kurys’.

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Translated from Teoreticheskaya i Éksperimental’naya Khimiya, Vol. 43, No. 5, pp. 307–314, September–October, 2007.

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Kurys’, Y.I., Netyaga, N.S., Koshechko, V.G. et al. Polyaniline/12-phosphotungstic acid/V2O5 nanocomposite and its platinum analog as oxygen reduction electrocatalysts. Theor Exp Chem 43, 334–342 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11237-007-0041-z

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Key words

  • nanocomposite
  • 12-phosphotungstic acid
  • V2O5
  • Pt
  • electrocatalysis
  • oxygen reduction