Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 471–477 | Cite as

Membrane Separation in Deadend Hollow Fiber Filters at Constant Transmembrane Pressure

  • Yu. S. Polyakov
Article

Abstract

A mathematical model of cake formation in deadend outside-in hollow fiber filters accounting for nonuniform cake deposition throughout the filter is developed. The model is used to study two possible mechanisms of cake growth: conventional (convective) and adsorption-peptization. The system of equations describing the cake formation is numerically solved with the generalized Crank-Nicholson finite-difference scheme. Comparison of the numerical solutions with experimental data shows that the cake formation in deadend out-side-in hollow fiber filters is governed by the adsorption-peptization mechanism.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Ripperger, S. and Altmann, J., Crossflow Microfiltration-State of the Art, Sep. Purif. Technol., 2002, vol. 26, no.1, pp. 19–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cheryan, M., Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook, Lancaster: Technomic, 1998.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zeman L.J. and Zydney A.L., Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration: Principles and Applications, New York: Marcel Dekker, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Owen, G., Bandi, M., Howell, J.A., and Churchouse, S.J., Economic Assessment of Membrane Processes for Water and Waste Water Treatment, J. Membr. Sci., 1995, vol. 102, no.1, pp. 77–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen, W., Parma, F., Patkar, A., Elkin, A., and Sen, S., Selecting Membrane Filtration Systems, Chem. Eng. Progr., 2004, vol. 100, no.12, pp. 22–25.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang, S., The Use of Fluid Instabilities to Control MF/UF Membrane Fouling, Membr. Q., 2005, vol. 20, no.1, p. 7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Williams, C.J. and Wakeman, R.J., Membrane Fouling and Alternative Techniques for Its Alleviation, Membr. Technol., 2000, no. 124, pp. 4–10.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yamamoto, K., Hiasa, M., Mahmood, T., and Matsuo, T., Direct Solid-Liquid Separation Using Hollow Fiber Membrane in an Activated Sludge Aeration Tank, Water Sci. Technol., 1989, vol. 21, no.1, pp. 43–54.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chang, I.-S., Le Clech, P., Jefferson, B., and Simon, J., Membrane Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors for Waste-water Treatment, J. Environ. Eng., 2002, vol. 128, no.11, pp. 1018–1029.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chang, S. and Fane, A.G., The Effect of Fibre Diameter on Filtration and Flux Distribution-Relevance to Submerged Hollow Fibre Modules, J. Membr. Sci., 2001, vol. 184, no.2, pp. 221–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Singapore: McGraw-Hill, 1984.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Polyakov, S.V., Concentration Polarization in a Narrow Channel with Semipermeable Walls and Turbulence Promoter, Teor. Osn. Khim. Tekhnol., 1992, vol. 26, no.4, p. 534.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gill, W.N. and Bansal, B., Hollow Fiber Reverse Osmosis Systems Analysis and Design, AIChE J., 1973, vol. 19, no.4, pp. 823–831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bowen, W.R. and Jenner, F., Theoretical Descriptions of Membrane Filtration of Colloids and Fine Particles: An Assessment and Review, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 1995, vol. 56, pp. 141–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lim, A.L. and Bai, R., Membrane Fouling and Cleaning in Microfiltration of Activated Sludge Wastewater, J.Membr. Sci., 2003, vol. 216, nos.1–2, pp. 279–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Polyakov, Yu.S. and Kazenin, D.A., Depth Membrane Filtration with Reversible Adsorption: Hollow Fiber Membranes As Collectors of Colloidal Particles, Teor. Osn. Khim. Tekhnol., 2005, vol. 39, no.2, pp. 128–139 [Theor. Found. Chem. Eng. (Engl. Transl.), vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 118–128].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Polyakov, Yu.S. and Kazenin, D.A., Membrane Filtration with Reversible Adsorption: The Effect of Transmembrane Pressure, Feed Flow Rate, and Geometry of Hollow Fiber Filters on Their Performance, Teor. Osn. Khim. Tekhnol., 2005, vol. 39, no.4, pp. 426–431 [Theor. Found. Chem. Eng. (Engl. Transl.), vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 402–406].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Polyakov, Yu.S., Ultra-and Microfiltration in Hollow-Fiber Filters with Cake Formation on the Membrane Surface, Cand. Sci. (Tech.) Dissertation, Moscow: Moscow State Univ. Environ. Eng., 2004.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Samarskii, A.A. and Vabishchevich, P.N., Vychislitel'naya teploperedacha (Computational Heat Transfer), Moscow: Editorial URSS, 2003.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Benitez, J., Rodriguez, A., and Malaver, R., Stabilization and Dewatering of Wastewater Using Hollow Fiber Membranes, Wat. Res., 1995, vol. 29, no.10, pp. 2281–2286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. S. Polyakov
    • 1
  1. 1.New Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations