Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The Method of Possible States and Its Application to the Chemical Thermodynamic Analysis of Nonequilibrium Processes in a Multicomponent Mixture of Reacting Gases under Isobaric Adiabatic Conditions

  • 16 Accesses

Abstract

Subject to the laws of classical chemical thermodynamics on the basis of a method for representing a domain of possible states, a nonequilibrium process is considered in a closed system—a spatially homogeneous mixture of chemically reacting gases under isobaric adiabatic conditions. Using a vector representation of the rates of a set of basic reactions and analyzing entropy generation in the system, the path of the nonequilibrium process in the domain is determined without taking into account the factor of time, and relationships between the rates of the basic reactions as functions of the thermodynamic parameters of the system are established. The general form of an expression for the rates of the basic reactions is presented.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.

    Kireev, V.A., Kratkii kurs fizicheskoi khimii (Concise Course in Physical Chemistry), Moscow: Khimiya, 1978.

  2. 2.

    Atkins, P.W., Physical Chemistry, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1978. Translated under the title Fizicheskaya khimiya, Moscow: Mir, 1980.

  3. 3.

    Prigogine, I. and Defay, R., Chemical Thermodynamics, London: Longmans Green, 1954. Translated under the title Khimicheskaya termodinamika, Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1966.

  4. 4.

    Karapet’yants, M.Kh., Khimicheskaya termodinamika (Chemical Thermodynamics), Moscow: Khimiya, 1975.

  5. 5.

    Koshkin, V.K. and Leshchenko, E.P., Khimicheskaya termodinamika (Chemical Thermodynamics), Moscow: Mosk. Aviats. Inst., 1984.

  6. 6.

    Stromberg, A.G. and Semchenko, D.P., Fizicheskaya khimiya, uchebnik dlya khimicheskikh spetsial’nostei vuzov (Physical Chemistry: Textbook for Chemical Specialties of Higher Education Institutes), Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 2003.

  7. 7.

    Khachkuruzov, G.A., Osnovy obshchei i khimicheskoi termodinamiki. Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vuzov (Principles of General and Chemical Thermodynamics: Textbook for Students of Higher Education Institutes), Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 1979.

  8. 8.

    Emmanuel’, N.M. and Knorre, D.G., Osnovy khimicheskoi kinetiki (Principles of Chemical Kinetics), Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 1974.

  9. 9.

    Kondrat’ev, V.N. and Nikitin, E.E., Kinetika i mekhanizm gazofaznykh reaktsii (Kinetics and Mechanism of Gas-Phase Reactions), Moscow: Nauka, 1974.

  10. 10.

    Eyring, H., Lin, S.H., and Lin, S.M., Basic Chemical Kinetics, New York: Wiley, 1980. Translated under the title Osnovy khimicheskoi kinetiki, Moscow: Mir, 1983.

  11. 11.

    Katorgin, B.I., Stepanov, A.A., and Shcheglov, V.A., Osnovy kinetiki, gazodinamiki i optiki neravnovesnykh sred (Principles of Kinetics, Gas Dynamics, and Optics of Nonequilibrium Media), Moscow: Mosk. Aviats. Inst., 2002.

  12. 12.

    Khimicheskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar’ (Chemical Encyclopedic Dictionary), Moscow: Sovetskaya Entsyklopediya, 1983.

  13. 13.

    Efimov, N.V., Vysshaya geometriya (Higher Geometry), Moscow: Nauka, 1978.

  14. 14.

    Loitsyanskii, L.G., Mekhanika zhidkosti i gaza (Fluid Mechanics), Moscow: Nauka, 1978.

  15. 15.

    Gurvich, L.V., Khachkuruzov, G.A., Medvedev, V.A., et al., Termodinamicheskie svoistva individual’nykh veshchestv (Thermodynamic Properties of Individual Substances), Glushko, V.P., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1978.

  16. 16.

    Alemasov, V.E., Dregalin, A.F., and Tishin, A.P., Teoriya raketnykh dvigatelei (Theory of Rocket Engines), Glushko, V.P., Ed., Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1980.

Download references

Author information

Additional information

__________

Translated from Teoreticheskie Osnovy Khimicheskoi Tekhnologii, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2005, pp. 269–277.

Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Smirnov.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Smirnov, A.I. The Method of Possible States and Its Application to the Chemical Thermodynamic Analysis of Nonequilibrium Processes in a Multicomponent Mixture of Reacting Gases under Isobaric Adiabatic Conditions. Theor Found Chem Eng 39, 250–258 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11236-005-0072-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Entropy
  • Thermodynamic Parameter
  • Closed System
  • Entropy Generation
  • Thermodynamic Analysis