Electronic relay performance in the inband device-to-device (D2D) communication system

  • Rna GhallabEmail author
  • Ali A. Sakr
  • Mona Shokair
  • Atef Abou El-Azm


In this paper, the cooperative electronic relay in device to device (D2D) communication system will be used which is not clarified until now. A scenario in our work will be made by using three types of cooperative diversities together that are compress and forward relay, decode and forward relay (DF) and amplify and forward relay (AF). Numerical results show that, the D2D outage probability of the proposed scheme is lower than that of the traditional relay transmission, which is further reduced with an increasing number of the electronic relays, therefore utilizing number of the electronic relay equal to 8 relays will reduce the outage probability by 0.0024 than using previous relays channel. Moreover using our proposed relay at SNR equal to 25 dB resulting in reducing BER by 4 dB. Moreover, the comparison between using proposed relay and previous research like AF relay with variable gain and DF relay will be carried out, where outage ratio will reduce to 15 dB using our proposed the electronic relay.


Cooperative relay network Bit error rate Cellular spectrums Outage ratio Channel estimation 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rna Ghallab
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ali A. Sakr
    • 1
  • Mona Shokair
    • 1
  • Atef Abou El-Azm
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical Department, Electrical Communications and Electronics Section, Faculty of EngineeringKafrelsheikh UniversityKafr El-SheikhEgypt

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