Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 401–414 | Cite as

Cooperative energy efficient D2D clustering in LTE-A with enhanced QoS

  • Elias Yaacoub


Device-to-device (D2D) communications in the long term evolution (LTE) Advanced (LTE-A) cellular system are investigated. The objective is to form collaborative D2D groups for transmitting/receiving data in the uplink (UL) and downlink (DL) in an energy efficient manner. The energy minimization problem using multihop D2D is formulated as a binary integer linear program. A low complexity suboptimal solution method is proposed, and shown to lead to good performance, especially in the low complexity 1-hop D2D scenario. The investigated framework is applicable to both public safety (PS) and non-PS scenarios. In addition to significant energy savings, the proposed method is shown to lead to reduced delays and enhanced quality of service (QoS), especially when real-time video transmission is considered.


Device-to-device communications LTE-A Energy efficiency Video streaming QoS 



The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments that helped in increasing the quality and clarity of this paper.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Computer StudiesArab Open UniversityBeirutLebanon

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