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Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 57–74 | Cite as

Survey of Catch-up TV and other time-shift services: a comprehensive analysis and taxonomy of linear and nonlinear television

  • Jorge Abreu
  • João Nogueira
  • Valdecir Becker
  • Bernardo Cardoso
Article

Abstract

This study analyzes recent changes on the television (TV) market, and the transformation of TV consumption habits, motivated by new transmission and recording technologies. Through an international survey spanning 62 countries and 4 continents, a growing presence of nonlinear TV services and over-the-top (OTT) content offerings is found. A detailed taxonomy of ways of watching TV content on the TV set is proposed to clarify the existing Pay-TV and OTT services, including time-shift and video-on-demand (VoD) terms such as Pause TV, Start-over TV, personal video recorder, Catch-up TV, transaction VoD, and subscription VoD, to name a few. An in-depth literature review is conducted, focusing not only on the technological aspects of nonlinear TV, but also on its business and consumer behavior impacts. The existing research works clearly demonstrate a lack of global reach by mostly concentrating their analyses on specific regions or countries. In addition to the literature review, the survey and taxonomy definition, the impact of nonlinear TV on the complete supply chain is also extensively discussed, indicating structural changes not yet addressed in the current literature.

Keywords

Time-shift Television Taxonomy Survey Catch-up TV Over-the-top 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by a Portugal 2020 grant to the UltraTV project (POCI-01-0247-FEDER-017738).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Altice Labs, SAAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.Instituto de TelecomunicaçõesAveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Federal University of ParaíbaJoão PessoaBrazil

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