Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 15–30 | Cite as

A survey on position-based routing for vehicular ad hoc networks

  • Jianqi Liu
  • Jiafu WanEmail author
  • Qinruo Wang
  • Pan Deng
  • Keliang Zhou
  • Yupeng Qiao


Position-based routing is considered to be a very promising routing strategy for communication within vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), due to the fact that vehicular nodes can obtain position information from onboard global positioning system receivers and acquire global road layout information from an onboard digital map. Position-based routing protocols, which are based mostly on greedy forwarding, are well-suited to the highly dynamic and rapid-changing network topology of VANETs. In this paper, we outline the background and the latest development in VANETs and survey the state-of-the-art routing protocols previously used in VANETs. We present the pros and cons for each routing protocol, and make a detailed comparison. We also discuss open issues, challenges and future research directions. It is observed that a hybrid routing protocol is the best choice for VANETs in both urban and highway environments.


VANET Position-based routing Forwarding strategy  Intelligent transportation systems Internet of vehicle 



The authors would like to thank the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (No. 9151009001000021), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61262013, 61363011, 61100066, 61104219), the Opening Fund of Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Precision Equipment and Manufacturing Technology (No. PEMT1303), the Strategic Emerging Industry Project of Guangdong Province (No. 2012A010702004), the High-level Talent Project for Universities, Guangdong Province, China (No. 431, YueCaiJiao 2011), the Foundation for Distinguished Young Talents in Higher Education of Guangdong Province (No. LYM11010), and 2013 Higher Vocational Education Teaching Reform Project of Guangdong Province (No. 20130301011) for their support in this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianqi Liu
    • 1
  • Jiafu Wan
    • 2
    Email author
  • Qinruo Wang
    • 3
  • Pan Deng
    • 4
  • Keliang Zhou
    • 5
  • Yupeng Qiao
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Information EngineeringGuangdong Mechanical and Electrical CollegeGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Mechanical and Automotive EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Faculty of AutomationGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.Parallel Computing LaboratoryInstitute of Software of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.College of Electrical Engineering and AutomationJiangxi University of Science and TechnologyGanzhouChina
  6. 6.College of Automation Science and EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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