Advertisement

Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 675–693 | Cite as

Efficient handover with optimized localized routing for Proxy Mobile IPv6

  • Ahmad Rasem
  • Marc St-HilaireEmail author
  • Christian Makaya
Article

Abstract

Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) has been designed by the IETF as a network-based mobility management protocol to support the localized mobility of IP devices. Although several proposals have been made for localized routing optimization, they don’t take into account handover management and localized routing simultaneously. In fact, the localized routing state is restored after the handover management procedure, leading to packet loss and signaling overhead. On the other hand, Fast Handovers for PMIPv6 (F-PMIPv6) protocol has been designed to mainly solve the issues of the high handover delay and packet loss during handover that occur with PMIPv6. As a result, this paper looks at enhancing F-PMIPv6 by controlling the handover management with optimized localized routing and proposes an extension of PMIPv6 called optimized PMIPv6. The proposed protocol enhances the performance of PMIPv6 and F-PMIPv6 in terms of route optimization, handover delay, signaling cost and network utilization.

Keywords

Route optimization Localized routing Handover  Service continuity PMIPv6 F-PMIPv6 

References

  1. 1.
    Choi, H. Proxy Mobile IPv6 in NS-2.29, Aug 2009. http://commani.net/pmip6ns.
  2. 2.
    Choi, Y., & Chung, T. (2009). Enhanced light weight route optimization in Proxy Mobile IPv6. In Fifth international joint conference on INC, IMS and IDC (pp. 501–504).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gundavelli, S, Leung, K., Devarapalli, V., Chowdhury, K., & Patil, B. (2008). Proxy Mobile IPv6. IETF RFC 5213.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Han, B., Lee, J., Lee, J., & Chung, T. (2008). PMIPv6 route optimization mechanism using the routing table of MAG. In Third international conference on systems and networks communications (pp. 274–279).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Han, B.-J., Lee, J.-M., Lee, J.-H., & Chung, T.-M. (2008). PMIPv6 route optimization mechanism using the routing table of MAG. In 3rd international conference on systems and networks communications (pp. 274–279).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim, S., Lee, J., Chung, T. (2009). Performance analysis of fast handover schemes for proxy mobile IPv6. In The fourth international conference on systems and networks communications (pp. 37–48).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Koodli, R. (2009). Fast Handovers for Mobile IPv6. IETF RFC 5568, July 2009.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krishnan, S., Koodli, R., Loureiro, P., Wu, Q., & Dutta, A. (2012). Localized Routing for Proxy Mobile IPv6 .IETF RFC 6705.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lach, H., & Janneteau, C. (2003). Network mobility in beyond-3G systems. IEEE Communications Magazine, 41(7), 52–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lee, J., & Chung, T. (2010). How much do we gain by introducing route optimization in proxy mobile IPv6 networks? Annals of Telecommunications, 65(5–6), 233–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee, J., & Park, J. (2008). Fast Handover for Proxy Mobile IPv6 based on 802.11 Networks. In IEEE 10th international conference on advanced communication technology (pp. 1051–1054).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lee, J.-H., Bonnin, J.-M., You, I., & Chung, T.-M. (2013). Comparative handover performance analysis of IPv6 mobility management protocols. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 60(3), 1077–1088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lee Sri, J., & Chung, T. (2009). A performance analysis on route optimization for Proxy Mobile IPv6. In IEEE international conference on communications (ICC) (pp. 1–6).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lei, J., & Fu, X. (2008). Evaluating the benefits of introducing PMIPv6 for localized mobility management. In Wireless communications and mobile computing conference (pp. 74–80).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li, Y., Su, H., Su, L., Jin, D., & Zeng, L. (2009). A comprehensive performance evaluation of PMIPv6 over IP-based cellular networks. In IEEE 69th vehicular technology conference (pp. 1–6).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liebsch, M., Jeong, S., & Wu, Q. (2011). Proxy Mobile IPv6 localized routing problem statement. IETF RFC 6279.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu, Y., Xu, X., Ding, X., & Cui, Y. (2014). Localized routing optimization for multi-access mobile nodes in PMIPv6. In 23rd international conference on computer communication and networks (ICCCN) (pp. 1–5).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Makaya, C., & Pierre, S. (2008). An analytical framework for performance evaluation of IPv6-based mobility management protocols. IEEE transactions on wireless communications, 7(3), 972–983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Modares, H., Moravejosharieh, A., Lloret, J., & Salleh, R. B. (2014). A survey on proxy mobile IPv6 handover. IEEE Systems Journal, 99, 1–10. PP.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Mobility Extension for ns-2, Aug. 2009. http://www.nist.gov/itl/antd/emntg/ssm_tools.cfm.
  21. 21.
    ns-2. The network simulator, version 2.29, Nov. 2005. http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/.
  22. 22.
    Perkins, C. (2010). IP Mobility Support for IPv4. Revised. IETF RFC 5944 Nov. 2010Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Perkins, C., Johnson, D., & Arkko, J. (2011). Mobility Support in IPv6. IETF RFC 6275, 2011.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Quoc, A. K., Kim, D.S., & Choo, H. (2014) A novel scheme for preventing out-of-order packets in fast handover for Proxy Mobile IPv6. In 2014 International conference on information networking (pp. 422–427).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rasem, A., Makaya, C., & St-Hilaire, M. (2012) Efficient handover with route optimization in proxy mobile IPv6 domain. In 8th IEEE international conference on wireless and mobile computing, networking and communications (WiMob) (pp. 47–54).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rasem, A., St-Hilaire, M., & Makaya, C. (2012). A comparative analysis of predictive and reactive mode of optimized PMIPv6. In 8th International wireless communications and mobile computing conference (IWCMC) (pp. 722–727).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Soliman, H. (2008). Hierarchical mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) mobility management. IETF RFC 5380.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yan, Z., & Lee, J.-H. (2013). State-aware pointer forwarding scheme with fast handover support in a PMIPv6 domain. IEEE Systems Journal, 7(1), 92–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yokota, H., Chowdhur, K., Koodli, R., Patil, B., & Xia, F. (2010). Fast Handovers for Proxy Mobile IPv6. IETF RFC 5949, 2010.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhang, Q., & Shan, Z. (2013). Using fast handover to quicken the re-establishment procedure of localized routing for Proxy Mobile IPv6. In 22nd Wireless and optical communication conference (WOCC) (pp. 349–354).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Rasem
    • 1
  • Marc St-Hilaire
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Makaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Systems and Computer EngineeringCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada
  2. 2.IBM ResearchYorktown HeightsUSA

Personalised recommendations