Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 111–124 | Cite as

HEH-BMAC: Hybrid polling MAC protocol for WBANs operated by human energy harvesting

  • Ernesto Ibarra
  • Angelos Antonopoulos
  • Elli Kartsakli
  • Christos Verikoukis


This paper introduces human energy harvesting medium access control (MAC) protocol (HEH-BMAC), a hybrid polling MAC suitable for wireless body area networks powered by human energy harvesting. The proposed protocol combines two different medium access methods, namely polling (ID-polling) and probabilistic contention access, to adapt its operation to the different energy and state (active/inactive) changes that the network nodes may experience due to their random nature and the time variation of the energy harvesting sources. HEH-BMAC exploits the packet inter-arrival time and the energy harvesting rate information of each node to implement an efficient access scheme with different priority levels. In addition, our protocol can be applied dynamically in realistic networks, since it is adaptive to the topology changes, allowing the insertion/removal of wireless sensor nodes. Extensive simulations have been conducted in order to evaluate the protocol performance and study the throughput and energy tradeoffs.


Energy efficiency WBAN  Energy harvesting MAC 



This work has been funded by the research projects CO2Green (TEC2010-20823), WSN4QoL (PIAP-GA-2011-286047), ENIAC ARTEMOS (EUI2010-04252 and EUI2011-4349) and Grant SENACYT-IFARHU (270-2009-173).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernesto Ibarra
    • 1
  • Angelos Antonopoulos
    • 1
  • Elli Kartsakli
    • 2
  • Christos Verikoukis
    • 1
  1. 1.Telecommunications Technological Centre of Catalonia (CTTC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Signal Theory and Communications DepartmentTechnical University of Catalonia (UPC)BarcelonaSpain

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