Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Coordinated dual-homing in designing hierarchical wireless access network with a genetic algorithm based approach

  • 287 Accesses

Abstract

With the growth of mobile users and the increasing deployment of wireless access network infrastructures, the issue of fault tolerance is becoming an important component of efficient wireless access network design. In this work, we study a survivable hierarchical network design problem. Given the available capacity, connectivity, and reliability at each level, the problem is to minimize overall connection cost for multiple requests such that the capacity, connectivity, and minimum survivability constraints are not violated. Our study is different than earlier research in regard to the coordination of multiple layers of access networks. The connectivity to the core network may be fully or partially dual-homed paths, or may be single-homed paths. Dual-homing schemes spanning to different levels in the network hierarchy are used if the single-homed connectivity is not enough to guarantee the minimum required survivability. We formulate the problem using mixed integer linear programming and prove the complexity class to be NP-hard. We then propose an off-line genetic algorithm based meta-heuristic. Given the complexity of the problem, simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach is viable in designing fault-tolerant access networks with dual-homing capability.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13

Notes

  1. 1.

    Note that the term network availability [25] is related to, but different from network survivability and is beyond the scope of this paper. However, as shown by the authors in [7], network availability can also be improved when network survivability (or dependability) is provisioned.

References

  1. 1.

    Cetinkaya, E., Broyles, D., Dandekar, A., Srinivasan, S., & Sterbenz, J. (2011). Modelling communication network challenges for future Internet resilience, survivability, and disruption tolerance: a simulation-based approach. Telecommunications Systems, 52, 751–753.

  2. 2.

    Varshney, U., Snow, A. P., & Malloy, A. D. (1999). Designing survivable wireless and mobile networks. In Proc. of IEEE wireless comm. and networking conference, New Orleans, LA, Sep. 1999 (Vol. 1, pp. 30–34).

  3. 3.

    Snow, A., Varshney, U., & Malloy, A. (2000). Reliability and survivability of wireless and mobile networks. Computer, 33(7), 49–55.

  4. 4.

    American national standard T1.523-2001, Telecom glossary (2000). Alliance for telecommunications industry solutions, Feb. 2001.

  5. 5.

    Varshney, U., Snow, A. P., & Malloy, A. D. (2001). Measuring the reliability and survivability of infrastructure-oriented wireless networks. In Proc. of 26th IEEE conf. on local computer networks (pp. 611–618).

  6. 6.

    Sterbenz, J., Krishnan, R., Hain, R., Jackson, A., Levin, D., Ramanathan, R., & Zao, J. (2002). Survivable mobile wireless networks: issues, challenges, and research directions. In ACM workshop on wireless security (WiSe), Atlanta, Sep. 2002.

  7. 7.

    Varshney, U., & Malloy, A. D. (2006). Multilevel fault tolerance in infrastructure-oriented wireless networks: framework and performance evaluation. International Journal of Network Management, 16(5), 351–374.

  8. 8.

    Kubat, P., Smith, J. M., & Yum, C. (2000). Design of cellular networks with diversity and capacity constraints. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, 49(2), 293–303.

  9. 9.

    Stavroulakis, P. (2003). Reliability, survivability and quality of large scale telecommunication systems: case study: olympic games. London: Wiley.

  10. 10.

    Gelenbe, E., Kammerman, P., & Lam, T. (1999). Performance considerations in totally mobile wireless Performance evaluation, 36–37, 387–399.

  11. 11.

    Lin, Y.-B., & Pang, A.-C. (2000). Comparing soft and hard handoffs. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 49(3), 792–798.

  12. 12.

    Tipper, D., Ramaswamy, S., & Dahlberg, T. (1999). PCS network survivability. In Proc. of IEEE wireless comm. and networking conference, New Orleans, LA, Sep. 1999 (Vol. 2, pp. 1028–1032).

  13. 13.

    Tipper, D., Dahlberg, T., Shin, H., & Charnsripinyo, C. (2002). Providing fault tolerance in wireless access networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 40(1), 58–64.

  14. 14.

    Soni, S., & Pirkul, H. (2002). Design of survivable networks with connectivity requirements. Telecommunications Systems, 20(1), 133–149.

  15. 15.

    Dutta, A., & Kubat, P. (1999). Design of partially survivable networks for cellular telecommunication systems. European Journal of Operational Research, 118, 52–64.

  16. 16.

    Cox, L. A., & Sanchez, J. R. (2000). Designing least-cost survivable wireless backhaul networks. Joumal of Heuristics, 6, 525–540.

  17. 17.

    Alevras, D., Grotschel, M., Jonas, P., Paul, U., & Wessaly, R. (1998). Survivable mobile phone network architectures: models and solution methods. IEEE Communications Magazine, 36(3), 88–93.

  18. 18.

    Houéto, F., Pierre, S., Beaubrun, R., & Lemieux, Y. (2002). Reliability and cost evaluation of third-generation wireless access network topologies: a case study. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, 51(2), 229–239.

  19. 19.

    Charnsripinyo, C., & Tipper, D. (2002). Designing fault tolerant wireless access networks. In Proc. of MILCOM, Oct. 2002 (Vol. 1, pp. 525–529).

  20. 20.

    Charnsripinyo, C., & Tipper, D. (2003). Topological design of survivable wireless access networks. In Proc. of DRCN, Alberta, Oct. 2003.

  21. 21.

    Charnsripinyo, C., & Tipper, D. (2005). Topological design of 3G wireless backhaul networks for service assurance. In Proc. of DRCN, Italy, Oct. 2005.

  22. 22.

    Szlovencsak, A., Godor, I., Harmatos, J., & Cinkler, T. (2002). Planning reliable UMTS terrestrial access networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 40(1), 66–72.

  23. 23.

    Vajanapoom, K., Tipper, D., & Akavipat, S. (2011). Risk based resilient network design. Telecommunications Systems, 1–13, 799–811.

  24. 24.

    Dahlberg, T. A., & Jung, J. (2001). Survivable load sharing protocols: a simulation study. Wireless Networks, 7(3), 283–296.

  25. 25.

    Din, D., & Tseng, S. (2002). A genetic algorithm for solving dual-homing cell assignment problem of the two-level wireless ATM networks. Computer Communications, 25(17), 1536–1547.

  26. 26.

    Huang, X., Wang, J., Vokkarane, V. M., & Jue, J. P. (2006). Fault-tolerant wireless access network design for dual-homed users. In Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM, Barcelona, Apr. 2006.

  27. 27.

    Kumar, V. (2006). Mobile database systems. New York: Wiley.

  28. 28.

    Smith, C., & Meyer, J. (2005). 3G wireless with WiMAX and Wi-Fi. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  29. 29.

    Wesolowski, K. (2002). Mobile communication systems. New York: Wiley.

  30. 30.

    Daoud Yacoub, M. (2002). Wireless technology: protocols, standards, and techniques. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

  31. 31.

    Hsiao, P.-H., Hwang, A., Kung, H. T., & Vlah, D. (2001). Load-balancing routing for wireless access networks. In Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM, Anchorage, AK (Vol. 2, pp. 986–995).

  32. 32.

    Garey, M. R., & Johnson, D. S. (1979). Computers and intractability: a guide to the theory of NP-completeness. New York: Freeman

  33. 33.

    Cormen, T. H., Leiserson, C. E., Rivest, R. L., & Stein, C. (2001). Introduction to algorithms (2nd ed.). Cambridge: MIT Press/McGraw-Hill.

  34. 34.

    Jang, K.-W. (2011). A tabu search algorithm for routing optimization in mobile ad-hoc networks. Telecommunications Systems, 51, 171–191.

  35. 35.

    Lee, C., & Koh, S. (1997). A design of the minimum cost ring-chain network with dual-homing survivability: a tabu search approach. Computers & Operations Research, 24(9), 883–897.

  36. 36.

    Krishnamachari, B., & Wicker, S. B. (2000). Optimization of fixed network design in cellular systems using local search algorithms. In IEEE vehicular technology conference (pp. 1632–1638).

  37. 37.

    Davis, L. (1991). Handbook of genetic algorithms. New York: Van Nostrand-Reinhold.

  38. 38.

    Reeves, C. R., & Rowe, J. E. (2003). Genetic algorithms—principles and perspectives: a guide to GA theory. Boston: Kluwer Academic.

  39. 39.

    Haupt, R. L., & Haupt, S. E. (2004). Practical genetic algorithms (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Wiley.

  40. 40.

    Whitley, D. (1989). The GENITOR algorithm and selection pressure: why rank-based allocation of reproductive trials is best. In Proc. of the 3rd int. conf. on genetic algorithms (pp. 116–121).

  41. 41.

    Bäck, T., & Hoffmeister, F. (1991). Extended selection mechanisms in genetic algorithms. In Proc. of the 4th int. conf. on genetic algorithms (pp. 92–99).

  42. 42.

    Srinivas, M., & Patnaik, L. M. (1994). Genetic algorithms: a survey. Computer, 27(6), 17–26.

  43. 43.

    Vasconcelos, J. A., Ramírez, J. A., Takahashi, R. H. C., & Saldanha, R. R. (2001). Improvements in genetic algorithms. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 37(5), 3414–3417.

  44. 44.

    Luke, S., & Spector, L. (1998). A revised comparison of crossover and mutation in genetic programming. In Proc. of the third annual conf. on genetic programming, Madison, WI.

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work has been supported in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under grant numbers CNS-0435105 and ANI-0133899. A preliminary and partial presentation of this study has appeared in IEEE Globecom conference, CA, November 2006.

Author information

Correspondence to Mohammad M. Hasan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hasan, M.M., Huang, X. & Jue, J.P. Coordinated dual-homing in designing hierarchical wireless access network with a genetic algorithm based approach. Telecommun Syst 54, 417–431 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11235-013-9741-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Dual-homing
  • Access networks
  • Network design
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Fault tolerance