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Performance of multiuser detectors based on EM-like method for ultra-wideband communications systems in multipath fading channel

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Abstract

An adaptive multiuser detector (MUD) is proposed for direct-sequence ultra-wideband (DS-UWB) multiple access communication systems to suppress both multiple access interference (MAI) and inter-symbol interference (ISI). In this contribution, considering the MUD from a combination viewpoint, we proposed a MUD based on electromagnetism-like (EM) method, which applied the concept of EM search to Hopfield neural network (EMHNN) for solving optimization problems. We analyze the performance of the EMHNN MUD in multipath fading channel, and compare it with the optimum detector and several suboptimum schemes such as conventional, decorrelator detector (DD), minimum-mean-squared error (MMSE) and HNN MUD. Simulation results will demonstrate that the proposed EMHNN MUD, which alleviates the detrimental effects of the MAI problem, can significantly improve the system performance.

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Correspondence to Yung-Fa Huang.

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Hung, H., Huang, Y. Performance of multiuser detectors based on EM-like method for ultra-wideband communications systems in multipath fading channel. Telecommun Syst 53, 213–226 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11235-013-9694-1

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Keywords

  • Ultra-wideband
  • Electromagnetism-like method
  • Hopfield neural network
  • Multiuser detection