Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 255–259

A performance analysis of HICCUPS—a steganographic system for WLAN

Open Access


The paper presents an analysis of performance features of the HICCUPS (HIdden Communication system for CorrUPted networkS) including the efficiency and the cost of the system in WLANs (Wireless Local Area Networks). The analysis relies on the original CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance) 802.11 Markov chain-based model and proves that the HICCUPS is the efficient steganographic method with the reasonable cost.


Steganography Network security Wireless LAN IEEE 802.11 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of TelecommunicationsWarsaw University of TechnologyWarsawPoland

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