Advertisement

Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 96, Issue 1, pp 79–94 | Cite as

Redescription of three species of nematodes (Nematoda) parasitising fishes in the USA, with a key to the species of Dichelyne Jägerskiöld, 1902 parasitic in freshwater and brackish-water fishes of North America

  • František MoravecEmail author
  • Isaure de Buron
  • David González-Solís
Article
  • 80 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Nematoda

Abstract

Three species of parasitic nematodes are redescribed based on light and scanning electron microscopical (SEM) examinations of newly collected specimens in fishes of South Carolina, USA: Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) bullocki Stromberg & Crites, 1972 from Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnaeus) (Fundulidae); Dichelyne (Dichelyne) diplocaecum Chandler, 1935 from Ictalurus furcatus (Valenciennes) (Ictaluridae); and Hysterothylacium pelagicum Deardorff & Overstreet, 1982 from Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus (Coryphaenidae). For the first time, intraspecific variations in the number of intestinal caeca were observed in D. bullocki, as well as previously unknown males and gravid females of D. diplocaecum are described; this enabled to synonymise D. mexicanus Caspeta-Mandujano, Moravec & Salgado-Maldonado, 1999 with D. diplocaecum. Unlike most congeneric species, H. pelagicum has no double postanal papillae, as confirmed by SEM. A key to the species of Dichelyne Jägerskiöld, 1902 parasitic in freshwater and brackish-water fishes in North America is provided.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the staff of the SC DNR, Charleston SC for providing fish specimens. Thanks are also due to the Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre CAS, institution supported by the MEYS CR (LM2015062 Czech-BioImaging) for their support with obtaining scientific data presented in this paper, and to Blanka Škoríková of the same Institute for help with the illustrations.

Funding

This study was partly supported by the Czech Science Foundation (Grant. No. P505/12/G112), and by institutional support (RVO:60077344, Institute of Parasitology, BC AS CR; Department of Biology, College of Charleston, SC, USA).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable institutional, national and international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. When live fish were collected (Mummichogs), they were euthanized according to the approved ethical codex of the College of Charleston IACUC-2018-003.

References

  1. Anderson, T. K., & Sukhdeo, M. V. K. (2013). Qualitative community stability determinates parasite establishment and richness in estuarine marshes. PeerJ, 1, e92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arai, H. P., & Smith, J. W. (2016). Guide to the parasites of fishes of Canada. Part V: Nematoda. Zootaxa, 4185, 1–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baker, M. R. (1984a). On the biology of Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) cotylophora (Ward & Magath, 1917) (Nematoda, Cucullanidae) in perch (Perca flavescens) from Lake Erie, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62, 2062–2073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baker, M. R. (1984b). Redescription of Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) cotylophora (Ward & Magath, 1917) (Nematoda: Cucullanidae) parasitic in freshwater fishes of eastern North America. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62, 2053–2061.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barreto, A. L. B. (1922). Revisão de familia Cucullanidae Barreto, 1916. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 14, 68–87, Plts. 33–46.Google Scholar
  6. Bruce, N. L., & Cannon, L. R. G. (1989). Hysterothylacium, Iheringascaris and Maricostula new genus, nematodes (Ascaridoidea) from Australian pelagic marine fishes. Journal of Natural History, 23, 1397–1441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carbonell, E., Massutí, E., Castro, J. J., & García, R. M. (1999). Parasitism of dolphinfishes, Coryphaena hippurus and Coryphaena equiselis, in the western Mediterranean (Balearic Islands) and central-eastern Atlantic (Canary Islands). Scientia Marina, 63, 343–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Caspeta-Mandujano, J. M., Moravec, F., & Salgado-Maldonado, G. (1999). Observations on cucullanid nematodes from freshwater fishes in Mexico, including Dichelyne mexicanus sp. n. Folia Parasitologica, 46, 289–295.Google Scholar
  9. Casto, S., & McDaniel, B. (1967). Helminth parasitism in gars from south Texas with a description of Dichelyne lepisosteus n. sp. (Nematoda: Cucullanidae). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 34, 187–194.Google Scholar
  10. Chandler, A. C. (1935). Parasites of fishes in Galveston Bay. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 83, 123–157, Plts. 6–12.Google Scholar
  11. Choudhury, A., & Nadler, S. A. (2016). Phylogenetic relationships of Cucullanidae (Nematoda), with observations on Seuratoidea and the monophyly of Cucullanus, Dichelyne and Truttaedacnitis. Journal of Parasitology, 102, 87–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. De, N. C., & Maity, R. N. (1995). A new nematode, Dichelyne alatae sp. n. (Cucullanidae), from Sillaginopsis panijus (Pisces) of West Bengal, India. Folia Parasitologica, 42, 220–226.Google Scholar
  13. Deardorff, T. L., & Overstreet, R. M. (1982). Hysterothylacium pelagicum sp. n. and H. cornutum (Stossich, 1904) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from marine fishes. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 49, 246–251.Google Scholar
  14. Froese, R., & Pauly, D. (Eds) (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.fishbase.org, version 07/2018.
  15. Gibbons, L. M., & Saayman, J. E. (1996). Redescriptions of Dichelyne (Dichelyne) rasheedae Petter, 1974 and Spirocamallanus olseni Campana-Rouget & Rayarihelissoa, 1965, recorded for the first time from fish in Lake St. Lucia, South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 63, 39–46.Google Scholar
  16. Harris, C. E., & Vogelbein, W. K. (2006). Parasites of mummichogs, Fundulus heteroclitus, from the York River, Virginia, U.S.A., with a checklist of parasites of Atlantic coast Fundulus spp. Comparative Parasitology, 73, 72–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hoffman, G. L. (1999). Parasites of North American freshwater fishes. Second edition. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 539 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Ivashkin, V. M., & Khromova, L. A. (1976). [Cucullanata and Gnathostomatata of animals and man and the diseases caused by them.] Osnovy Nematodologii 27. Moscow: Nauka, 436 pp (In Russian).Google Scholar
  19. Li, L., Du, L.-Q., Xu, Z., Guo, Y.-N., Wang, S.-X., & Zhang, L.-P. (2014). Morphological variability and molecular characterisation of Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) pleuronectidis (Yamaguti, 1935) (Ascaridida: Cucullanidae) from the flatfish Pleuronichthys cornutus (Temminck & Schlegel) (Pleuronectiformes: Pleuronectidae) in the East China Sea. Systematic Parasitology, 87, 87–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Linton, E. (1901). Parasites of fishes of the Woods Hole region. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 19, 405–492.Google Scholar
  21. Linton, E. (1905). Parasites of fishes of Beaufort, North Carolina. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, 24, 321–428.Google Scholar
  22. Linton, E. (1907). Notes on parasites of Bermuda fishes. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 33, 85–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Moravec, F., & Justine, J.-L. (2018). Three new species of Cucullanus (Nematoda: Cucullanidae) from marine fishes off New Caledonia, with a key to species of Cucullanus from Anguilliformes. Parasite, 25, 51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Moravec, F., Khosheghbal, M., & Pazooki, J. (2014). Dichelyne (Dichelyne) spinigerus sp. nov. (Nematoda: Cucullanidae) from the marine fish Otolithes ruber (Sciaenidae) off Iran and first description of the male of Philometra otolithi Moravec et Manoharan, 2013 (Nematoda: Philometridae). Acta Parasitologica, 59, 229–237.Google Scholar
  25. Moravec, F., Levron, C., & de Buron, I. (2011). Morphology and taxonomic status of two little-known nematode species parasitizing North American fishes. Journal of Parasitology, 97, 297–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Moravec, F., Nagasawa, K., & Ogawa, K. (2001). Dichelyne japonicus sp. n. (Nematoda: Cucullanidae), a new intestinal parasite of the marine sciaenid fish Argyrosomus argentatus in Japan. Helminthologia, 38, 43–45.Google Scholar
  27. Moravec, F., Wolter, J., & Körting, W. (1999). Some nematodes and acanthocephalans from exotic ornamental freshwater fishes imported into Germany. Folia Parasitologica, 46, 296–310.Google Scholar
  28. Peréz, G., & Choudhury, A. (2002). Adult endohelminth parasites of ictalurid fishes (Osteichthyes: Ictaluridae) in Mexico: Empirical evidence for biographical patterns. Comparative Parasitology, 69, 10–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Petter, A. J. (1974). Essai de classification de la famille des Cucullanidae. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 3e série. Zoologie, 177, 1469–1491.Google Scholar
  30. Salgado-Maldonado, G. (2006). Checklist of helminth parasites of freshwater fishes from Mexico. Zootaxa, 1324, 1–357.Google Scholar
  31. Stromberg, P. C., & Crites, J. L. (1972). A new nematode Dichelyne bullocki sp. n. (Cucullanidae) from Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnaeus). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 39, 131–134.Google Scholar
  32. Van Cleave, H. J., & Mueller, J. F. (1932). Parasites of the Oneida Lake fishes. Part I. Descriptions of new genera and new species. Roosevelt Wild Life Annals, 3, 9–71.Google Scholar
  33. Wang, P., & Ling, X. (1975). Some nematodes of the suborder Camallanata from Fujian Province, with notes on their life histories. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 21, 350–358 (In Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
  34. Ward, H. B., & Magath, T. B. (1917). Notes on some nematodes from fresh water fishes. Journal of Parasitology, 3(Year 1916), 57–64.Google Scholar
  35. Williams, E. H., Jr., & Bunkley-Williams, L. (1996). Parasites of offshore big game fishes of Puerto Rico and the western Atlantic. Mayagüez, Puerto Rico: Antillean College Press, 382 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • František Moravec
    • 1
    Email author
  • Isaure de Buron
    • 2
  • David González-Solís
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of ParasitologyBiology Centre of the Czech Academy of SciencesČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of BiologyCollege of CharlestonCharlestonUSA
  3. 3.El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), unidad ChetumalChetumalMexico

Personalised recommendations