Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 94, Issue 2, pp 227–241 | Cite as

Two new species of poecilostomatoid copepods symbiotic on the venomous echinoid Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata) from Vietnam

  • Balu Alagar Venmathi Maran
  • Il-Hoi Kim
  • Olga A. Bratova
  • Viatcheslav N. Ivanenko


Two new coexisting species of crustacean copepods (Poecilostomatoida) belonging to the echinoid-specific genera Mecomerinx Humes, 1977 (Pseudanthessiidae) and Clavisodalis Humes, 1970 (Taeniacanthidae) found associated with the venomous flower urchin Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea: Toxopneustidae) in the South China Sea (Vietnam) are described. The diagnostic features of Mecomerinx ohtsukai n. sp. are: (i) three setae and one aesthetasc on the first segment of antennules; (ii) relatively long caudal ramus; (iii) elongated terminal segment of the antenna; and (iv) two claws on the terminal segment of antenna slightly unequal in length. The taeniacanthid copepod Clavisodalis toxopneusti n. sp. is distinguished from all seven known congeners by having two-segmented endopod of the legs 2–4 and four setae on the distal endopodal segment of the leg 1. This is the first report on copepods associated with echinoids of the genus Toxopneustes Agassiz and the first finding of Mecomerinx as well as taeniacanthid copepods in the South China Sea associated with echinoids.


Terminal Segment Endopodal Segment Caudal Ramus Pedigerous Somite Naked Seta 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Material processing was supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation (# 14-14-01179). Scanning electron microscopy was conducted with support of the Russian Scientific Foundation (#14-50-00029); the species identification was conducted with support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (#15-54-78061). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable institutional, national and international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Balu Alagar Venmathi Maran
    • 1
  • Il-Hoi Kim
    • 2
  • Olga A. Bratova
    • 3
  • Viatcheslav N. Ivanenko
    • 4
  1. 1.Fisheries Science InstituteChonnam National UniversityYeosuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of BiologyGangneung-Wonju National UniversityGangneungRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Laboratory of Ecology and Morphology of Marine InvertebratesA.N. Severtzov Institute of Ecology & Evolution RASMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Biological FacultyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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