Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 94, Issue 2, pp 243–254 | Cite as

A new species of Hamaticolax Ho & Lin, 2006 (Copepoda: Bomolochidae) from deep water macrourids in the Mediterranean

  • David Pérez-i-García
  • Maite Carrassón
  • Geoffrey Allan Boxshall


Hamaticolax resupinus n. sp. is described from specimens collected from the gill cavities of Coelorinchus mediterraneus Iwamoto & Ungaro and Coryphaenoides mediterraneus (Giglioli) (Gadiformes: Macrouridae) caught in the Western Mediterranean Sea at depths between 1,236 and 1,626 m. Hamaticolax resupinus n. sp. closely resembles H. maleus Oldewage, 1994, but differs from the latter by its smaller body size and in having a genital double-somite in the female that is markedly wider than the free abdominal somites and has strongly convex lateral margins. The new species is only the second bomolochid found on a macrourid host and is the first from depths in excess of 1,200 m. Hamaticolax resupinus n. sp. also represents the first parasitic copepod recorded from Coe. mediterraneus and only the third one from Cor. mediterraneus worldwide.



We thank all participants in the ANTROMARE 1 and 3 cruises and the staff of the Department of Animal Biology, Vegetal Biology and Ecology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Spain) for their assistance during the oceanographic campaign.


This study was supported by Spanish Science and Innovation Ministry project ANTROMARE (CTM2009-12214-C02-02). DPG benefited from a PIF PhD student grant of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable institutional, national and international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


  1. Boxshall, G. A. (1998). Host specificity in copepod parasites of deep-sea fishes. Journal of Marine Systems, 15, 215–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bullock, A. M., Phillips, S. E., Gordon, J. D. M., & Roberts, R. J. (1986). Sarcotaces sp., a parasitic copepod infection in two deep-sea fishes, Lepidion eques and Coelorhynchus occa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association U.K., 66, 835–843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Campbell, R. C., Haedrich, R. L., & Munroe, T. A. (1980). Parasitism and ecological relationships among deep-sea benthic fishes. Marine Biology, 57, 301–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cohen, D. M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T., & Scialabba, N. (1990). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish Synopses, 125(10), FAO, Rome, 442 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Cressey, R. (1969). Five new parasitic copepod from California inshore fish. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82, 409–427.Google Scholar
  6. Cressey, R. (1983). Parasitic copepods from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, II: Bomolochidae. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 389, 1–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cressey, R. (1984). A new genus of bomolochid copepod from eastern Pacific haemulid fishes. Bulletin of Marine Sciences, 35, 182–186.Google Scholar
  8. Froese, R., & Pauly, D. (2016). Fishbase. World Wide Web electronic publication., version (01/2016).
  9. Geistdoerfer, P. (1990). Macrouridae. In: Quero, J.C., Hureau, J.C., Karrer, C., Post, A. & Saldanha, L. (Eds). Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2, 541–563 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Hanan, D. (1976). A new species of cyclopoid copepod, parasitic on shiner surfperch, Cymatogaster aggregata Gibbons, in Anaheim Bay and Huntington Harbor, California, with notes on Bomolochus cuneatus Fraser and Ergasilus lizae Krøyer. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 75, 22–28.Google Scholar
  11. Ho, J.-S., & Lin, C.-L. (2006). A new bomolochid copepod parasitic on marine fishes of Taiwan, with reassignment of species of Holobomolochus Vervoort, 1969. Crustaceana, 78, 1369–1381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huys, R. (1996). Superornatiremidae fam. nov. (Copepoda: Harpacticoida): An enigmatic family from North Atlantic anchihaline caves. Scientia Marina, 60, 497–542.Google Scholar
  13. Huys, R., & Boxshall, G. A. (1991). Copepod Evolution (p. 468). London: The Ray Society.Google Scholar
  14. Kabata, Z. (1971). Four Bomolochidae (Copepoda) from fishes of British Columbia. Journal Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 28, 1563–1572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kellermanns, E., Klimpel, S., & Palm, H. W. (2009). Parasite fauna of the mediterranean grenadier Coryphaenoides mediterraneus (Giglioli, 1893) from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR). Acta Parasitologica, 54, 158–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Klimpel, S., Busch, M. W., Kellermanns, E., Kleinertz, S., & Palm, H. W. (2009). Metazoan Deep-Sea Fish Parasites. Acta Biologica Benrodis, Supplementband II. Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, 384 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Luque, J. L., & Bruno, M. (1990). Two new species of Acantholochus Cressey, 1984 (Copepoda: Bomolochidae) parasitic on Peruvian marine fishes. Journal of Natural History, 24, 241–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Morales-Serna, F. N., & Gómez, S. (2010). A new bomolochid copepod parasitic on bullseye puffer Sphoeroides annulatus (Jenyns) from Mexico, with reassignment of some species of Acantholochus Cressey and Hamaticolax Ho & Lin. Zootaxa, 2336, 36–50.Google Scholar
  19. Oldewage, W. H. (1994). A new species of Holobomolochus Vervoort, 1969 (Copepoda, Poecilostomatoida) from the west coast of South Africa. Crustaceana, 67, 324–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Palm, H. W., & Klimpel, S. (2008). Metazoan fish parasites of Macrourus berglax Lacépède, 1801 and other macrourids in the north Atlantic: Invasion of the deep sea from the continental shelf. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 55, 235–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pashoal, F., Cezar, A. D., & Luque, J. L. (2013). A new species Acantholochus (Cyclopoida, Bomolochidae) parasitic on the barred grunt Conodon nobilis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes, Haemulidae) from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Crustaceana, 86, 212–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Stefanescu, C., Lloris, D., & Rucabado, J. (1992). Deep-living demersal fishes in the Catalan Sea (western Mediterranean) below a depth of 1000 m. Journal of Natural History, 26, 197–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Stefanescu, C., Lloris, D., & Rucabado, J. C. (1993). Deep-sea fish assemblages in western Mediterranean. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 40, 695–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tavares, L., & Luque, J. L. (2003). A new species of Acantholochus (Copepoda: Bomolochidae) parasitic on Centropomus undecimalis (Osteichthyes: Centropomidae) from the coastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 98, 241–245.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Vervoort, W. (1962). A review of the genera and species of the Bomolochidae (Crustacea, Copepoda), including the description of some old and new species. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden, 56, 1–111.Google Scholar
  26. Vervoort, W. (1969). Caribbean Bomolochidae (Copepoda: Cyclopoida). Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands, 28, 1–125.Google Scholar
  27. Wilson, C. B. (1913). Crustacean parasites of West Indian fishes and land crabs, with descriptions of new genera and species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 44, 189–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wilson, C. B. (1935). Parasitic copepods from the Dry Tortugas. Papers from Tortugas Laboratory, 29, 329–347.Google Scholar
  29. Zubchenko, A. V. (1981). Parasitic fauna of some Macrouridae in the northwest Atlantic. Journal of the Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science, 2, 67–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Pérez-i-García
    • 1
  • Maite Carrassón
    • 1
  • Geoffrey Allan Boxshall
    • 2
  1. 1.Departament de Biologia Animal, Biologia Vegetal i EcologiaUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Life SciencesThe Natural History MuseumLondonUK

Personalised recommendations